Chapter 17✏️ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17✏️ Deck (34):
0

What was the capital of the CSA?

Richmond, Virginia

1

What were border states?

Divided over the issue of slavery

2

Which side had the larger army?

Union

3

What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?

Reunite the country

4

What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?

The Anaconda Plan

5

What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?

Preserve their way of life

6

How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?

Union-by rivers or landmarks
South-cities

7

What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

The First Battle Of Bull Run

8

Who were the two generals of this battle?

General Irwin McDowell and General P.G.T

9

Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during this battle?

Reinforcements led by General Thomas " Stone Wall" Jackson

10

Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US History?

Thomas "Stone Wall" Jackson

11

What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in this battle?

Confederates let out a strange scream

12

What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?

Battle of fort Donelson

13

What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?

USS Maverick

14

What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break
through the North’s defense?

Ironclads

15

What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?

A church near where the battle took place

16

What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?

Battle of Antietam

17

What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?

Slavery

18

The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?

Served as nurses

19

What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the
North?

The south was based upon crops and with the war going on no one could grow crops

20

What did Lincoln sign on January 1
st
, 1863?

Emancipation proclamation

21

What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?

54th Massachusetts

22

What was the turning point of the war?

Gettysburg and Vicksburg

23

What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being
dominant?

The Gettysburg address

24

What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?

equality, freedom, and states’ rights

25

What was important about David Farragut?

He was an accomplished US naval officer

26

Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed?

Savannah, Georgia

27

Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?

Appomattox Court House

28

How severe were the terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House toward the
Southern troops?

The union troops were very forgiving

29

What treaty ended the Civil War?

There wasn't one

30

How many soldiers died in the war?

600,000

31

How did the balance in power settle between the federal gov’t and state gov’ts after
the war?

To this day the federal government has more ruling over the states

32

Who believed the signing on January 1,1863 was the greatest event in US history

Fredrick Douglas

33

Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull
Run?

Because they were too disorganized and weakened