Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (35):
What was the capital of the CSA?
What were border states?
States that were divided over the issue of slavery. They didn't know if they should secede or remain.
Which side had the larger army?
What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?
Reunite the Union
What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?
The Anaconda Plan
What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?
Be recognized as their own country and to preserve their way of life.
How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?
The South named their battles after cities and the North named theirs after rivers or landmarks.
What was the first major battle of the Civil War?
The first battle of Bull Run or Manassas.
Who were the two generals of this battle? (First Battle of Bull Run)
Union: General Irvin McDowell
Confederates: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard with reinforcements from General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson.
Why did the confederate troops become inspired during this battle?
The reinforcements led by General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US History?
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in this battle?
A 'rebel yell.' A loud and strange scream that terrified Northern Soldiers
Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull Run?
They were too disorganized and weakened
What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?
The Battle of Fort Henry and Th Battle of Fort Donelson.
What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?
What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break through the North’s defense?
What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?
A nearby church
What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?
September 17, 1862 (The Battle of Antietam)
What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?
The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?
Served as nurses
What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the North?
Lack of Industry
Shortage of food and essential goods
Farmland being overrun
What did Lincoln sign on January 1st, 1863?
The Emancipation Proclamation
Who believed that the signing on Jan 1, 1863 was the greatest event in US History?
What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?
The 54th Massachusetts
What was the turning point of the war?
Union victories at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Vicksburg, Mississippi
What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being dominant?
The Gettysburg Address
What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?
States' rights no longer being dominant
What was important about David Farragut?
He was the highest ranking officer in the Union Navy
Secured Mobile Bay
Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed?
Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia
Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?
Appomattox Court House, Virginia in Wilmer McLean's parlor
How severe were the terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House toward the Southern troops?
The terms were very forgiving to the South
What treaty ended the Civil War?
There was no treaty because for there to be a treaty, there has to be two countries. The United States never recognized the Confederacy as an independent country.
How many soldiers died in the war?
How did the balance in power settle between the federal gov’t and state gov’ts after the war?
The federal government was strengthened and was now clearly more powerful than the states