Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (34):
What was the capital of the CSA?
What were border states?
Divided states over the issue of slavery
Which side had the larger army?
What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?
We're to reunite the country
What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?
What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?
Preserve their way of life
How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?
South named them after cities and the North named them after rivers and landmarks
What was the first major battle of the Civil War?
The Battle of Bull Run
Who were the two generals of this battle?
Union was led by General Irvin McDowell. Confederate was led by General P.G.T Beauregard
Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during this battle?
By reinforcements led by General Thomas Jackson
Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US History?
Thomas "stonewall" Jackson
What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in this battle?
The Rebel Yell
Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull Run?
Disorganized and weakened
What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?
The battle of fort donelson
What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?
What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break through the North’s defense?
What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?
A church nearby
What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?
Battle of Antietam
What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?
Taking action against slavery
The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?
Served as nurses
What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the North?
Lack of industry, shortage of essential goods and farming being overrun
What did Lincoln sign on January 1st, 1863?
Lincoln signed the emanipation proclamation
Who believed that the signing on Jan 1, 1863 was the greatest event in US History?
What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?
What was the turning point of the war?
Victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg
What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being dominant?
What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?
Freedom, equality, and state rights
What was important about David Farragut?
Highest ranking Union soldier
Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed?
Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?
Appomattox Court House
How severe were the terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House toward the Southern troops?
What treaty ended the Civil War?
There was no treaty
How many soldiers died in the war?
Around 600,000 soldiers