Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (32):
1

What were border states?

They didn't know if they should secede to the CSA or remain in the USA

2

Which side had the larger army?

North

3

What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?

Reunite the country

4

What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?

Anaconda Plan-Union war plan to defeat the South by dividing them in two

5

What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?

Preserve their way of life

6

How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?

North- named battles after rivers or landmarks
South- named battles after cities

7

What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

Battle of Bull Run

8

Who were the two generals of this battle?

-North:General Irvin McDowell
-South:General P.G.T.

9

Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US History?

Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

10

Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during this battle?

Reinforcements let by General Thomas Jackson

11

What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in this battle?

The confederates let out a loud and strange scream, a Rebel Yell

12

Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull
Run?

They were too disorganized and weakened

13

What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?

The battle of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

14

What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?

Merrimack

15

What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break
through the North’s defense?

Ironsides

16

What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?

A church that was near their resting place

17

What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?

The battle of Antietam

18

What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?

Taking action against slavery

19

The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?

Served as nurses

20

What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the
North?

Lack of industry, shortages of essential goods, and farmland being overrun

21

What did Lincoln sign on January 1st, 1863?

Emancipation Proclamation

22

Who believed that the signing on Jan 1, 1863 was the greatest event in US History?

Fredrick Douglas

23

What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?

54th Massachusetts

24

What was the turning point of the war?

Vicksburg

25

What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?

Equality, freedom, and states' rights

26

What was important about David Farragut?

The heights ranking officer in the Union navy

27

How severe were the terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House toward the
Southern troops?

Very forgiving

28

Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?

Appomattox court house

29

What treaty ended the Civil War?

No official treaty

30

How many soldiers died in the war?

600,000 soldiers

31

How did the balance in power settle between the federal gov’t and state gov’ts after
the war?

Clearly more powerful than the states

32

What was the capital of the CSA?

Richmond, Virginia