Chapter 17 & 18 (Test Review) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 & 18 (Test Review) Deck (75)
1

Marriage Settlement is a satire against _____

upper class society

2

In The Marriage Settlement Medusa's head in the backgrounds symbolizes....

Horror

3

Who was the intended audience of the Marriage Settlement?

Middle Class

4

What is sitting on the woman's chest in The Nightmare

A demon

5

The Nightmare might be _____

autobiographical

6

The Subject matter in Oath of the Horatii was

Romans vs Albans

7

What is the "Oath" in Oath of the Horatii?

To Live and Die for Rome

8

In Oath of the Horatii the woman are in _______ lines and the men are in _______ lines

curvlinear and rectlinear

9

Why is Napoleon idealized in Napoleon Crossing the Saint-Bernard?

-He could not ride very well
-Crossed on a Mule
-Did not wear a cape

10

David liked or did not like Napoleon?

Liked

11

David supported the Revolution?

Yes

12

Pope Pius VII participated in the coronation of Napoleon so it added _____

legitimacy

13

David was the _____

"First Painter of the Empire"

14

In Large Odalisque aspects such as the elongation of the woman's back suggests that the work contains aspects of ____, but yet is still_____

Romanticism; Neoclassical

15

In Large Odalisque, even though her body is anatomically incorrect the audience found it as...

Appealing

16

Thomas Jefferson's Monticello is closer to ____ than ____ buildings

English than French

17

Thomas Jefferson wanted ______ to be the official style of the New Republic

Neoclassicism

18

Who did Jefferson hire to design the Capitol Building?

Benjamin Latrobe

19

The UVA Rotunda is modeled after what?

The Pantheon

20

What was the intended location of the George Washington (Houdon) Sculpture?

Virginia State Capitol (It was commissioned by the Virginia State Legislature)

21

What technique was used on the Geoge Washington (Houdon) Sculpture?

Casting

22

George Washington's "Ace Face" Symbolizes?

Authority

23

George Washington (Greenough) was commissioned to celebrate ....

Centennial of our Presidents Birth

24

Which George Washington Sculpture incited controversy?

The Washington sculpture by Greenough.

25

The Small Figures in the George Washington of Greenough are...

Native Americans

26

In George Washington (Greenough) there are carvings of _____ & _____ on the sides.

Hercules & Apollo

27

What happened in The Raft of Medusa?

-French Vessel Ran Onto Reef
-Captian was inexperienced (Policial appointee)

28

The Raft of Medusa uses what to show Romanticism?

Pyramid Formation

29

In Liberty Leading the People the female figure for liberty is an...

Allegory for the Revolution

30

What was overthrown in 1830?

Charles V

31

Part of the 1830 Revolution the Upper-Middle class were promised ____ & ___ status

Social & Political

32

Lady Liberty uses ____ formation to show the dead on the bottom rising to liberty

Ptramid

33

Goya's Family of Charles IV closely resembles...

Las Meninas

34

Napoleon offered to help _____ invade Portugal. But....

Charles IV; he lied

35

The Third of May , 1808 depicted the result of conflict between....

Spain & France (Spanish War of Independence)

36

The Third of May, 1808 contained shocking content. When was it published?

35 Years after Goya's death

37

In The Oxbow, Cole contrasts the two sides of the American landscape: ____ & ____

Dense Wilderness & Pastoral Valleys

38

An early photographic process . A ____ was a positive print on a light-sensitized copper plate.

Daguerrotype

39

Talbot's Open Door used ____ from an image from where a number of _____ could be made.

negatives; positives

40

What is happening in The Gleaners?

Three woman are gathering stray left-over grain after harvest

41

The Gleaners was a form of ____ offered to the rural poor.

Relief

42

Who is the father of the realist movement?

Courbet

43

In the Stone Breakers some people considered the subject matter ____

Socialist

44

In The Stone Breakers the artists wanted to show the ____ of the wrorker, not make them look like ____

plight; heroes

45

What pushed people back to nature for spirituality?

Transcendentalism

46

What is the word for how people viewed the world?

Humanism

47

The Enlightenment was a reaction against which artistic style?

Rococo

48

Enlightenment went against Rococo with _____

logic

49

The most famous Enlightenment painter was?

Joseph Wright of Derby

50

Two Major Philosophies associated with the Enlightenment?

Rationalism and Empiricism

51

What is Rationalism?

intellectual & deductive reason, not observation or religion

52

What is Empericism?

Comes from experience

53

Which Philosopher is credited with inventing Calculus?

Newton

54

What does Tabula Rasa mean?

Mind is a blank slate (Empericism)

55

Which philosopher advocated for the separation of the branches of government?

Montesquieu

56

What is deism?

Yes there is a God, but… God gave reason, but NOT religion.

57

First Degertoype was made in ___

1830s

58

When did the French Revolution begin?

1789

59

Why was the Spanish war of independence fought?

They were finding for their freedom against the French

60

Name a painting related to the Spanish War of Independence?

Third of May, 1808

61

Third of May, 1808
-Main figure in the third of May is supposed to remind the view of

Jesus

62

Marriage a la Mode: Marriage Settlement (Scene 1) Where is it from?

England

63

A concept, thing or state of exception and awe-inspiring beauty and moral or intellectual expression.

Sublime

64

The George Washington (Greenough) reminded viewers of who?

Zeus

65

How does Napoleon prove he is separate from the state?

He is doing the coronation himself / Pope is also in this picture

66

Philosopher that made the three branches of government?

Montesquieu

67

What is an orrery?

Planetarium

68

In the work A Philosopher giving a lecture an the Orrery the subjects are captivated by?

Knowledge

69

What is a Grand Tour? And Who made one?

A trip through Europe with an Extended Stay in Rome
-Robert Adam

70

What is the annual display of art by French Artists in Paris during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries?

Salon

71

An early cameralike device used in the Renaissance and later for recording images of nature. made from a dark box (or oom) with a hole in one side.

Camera Obscura

72

1789

French Revolution

73

1800

Napoleon, First Consul of the French Republic

74

1815

Napoleon lost to British at Waterloo

75

1830

Revolution (Charles X was overthrown)
-Also, Wilderness was being destroyed in America