Chapter 17 - Drugs, Diseases, and Dissection Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 - Drugs, Diseases, and Dissection Deck (71):
1

Substance that produces effect by binding to an appropriate receptor

Agonist

2

Substance that inhibits a specific action by binding with a particular receptor instead of allowing the agonist to bind to the receptor

Antagonist

3

Serum containing specific antibodies extracted from a hyperimmunized animal or an animal that has been infected with the microorganisms containing antigen

Antiserum

4

Specific antiserum aimed at a poison that contains a concentration of antibodies extracted from the serum or plasma of a healthy animal

Antitoxin

5

Bacterial vaccine

Bacterin

6

Bound to and precipitated out of solution

Chelated

7

Recommendation not to use

Contraindication

8

Movement of solutes from an area of high concentration of particles to one of low concentration of particles

Diffusion

9

Amount of medication based on units per weight of animal

Dosage

10

Time between administrations of a drug

Dosage interval

11

Amount of medication measured

Dose

12

Agent used to diagnose, prevent, or treat a disease

Drug

13

Extent to which a drug causes the intended effects; effectiveness

Efficacy

14

Originating within the body

Endogenous

15

Originating outside the body

Exogenous

16

Water-loving; ionized form

Hydrophilic

17

Excessive level of blood potassium

Hyperkalemia

18

Excessive level of blood sodium

Hypernatremia

19

Solution that has MORE particles than the solution or cell to which it is being compared

Hypertonic solution

20

Deficiency of blood potassium

Hypokalemia

21

Deficiency of blood sodium

Hyponatremia

22

Solution that has FEWER particles than the solution or cell to which it is being compared

Hypotonic solution

23

Low circulating blood volume

Hypovolemia

24

Electrically charged

Ionized

25

Solution that has EQUAL particles to the solution or cell to which it is being compared

Isotonic solution

26

Fat-loving; nonionized form

Lipophilic

27

Vaccine, antiserum, or antitoxin developed specifically for a single antigen or organism

Monovalent

28

Not charged electrically

Nonionized

29

Movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane along its concentration gradient

Osmosis

30

Physiological effects of drugs and their mechanisms of action

Pharmacodynamics

31

Movement of drugs or chemicals; consists of absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and elimination

Pharmacokinetics

32

Inactive substance that is given for its suggestive effects or substance used as a control in experimental setting

Placebo

33

Vaccine, antiserum, or antitoxin that is active against multiple antigens or organisms; mixed vaccine

Polyvalent

34

Avoidance

Prevention; also called Prophylaxis

35

Course of treatment

Regimen

36

Degree of fullness or rigidity caused by fluid content

Turgor

37

Metric unit of length equal to one one-hundredth of a meter

Centimeter, abbrev. cm

38

Apothecary unit of measure used for prescription vials

Dram (one dram equals 1.8 ounces - by weight; 1 fluid dram equals 4 mL)

39

Metric base unit of weight equal to 0.035 ounces

Gram, abbrev. g

40

Metric unit of weight that is 1000 grams

Kilogram, abbrev. kg (approx. 2.2 pounds)

41

Metric base unit of volume equal to 0.2642 gallons

Liter, abbrev. L

42

Metric base unit of length equal to 1.09 yards

Meter, abbrev. m

43

Metric unit of weight equal to one one-thousandth of a gram

Milligram, abbrev. mg

44

Metric unit of volume equal to 0.034 of an ounce or one one-thousandth of a liter

Milliliter, abbrev. mL (equivalent to 1 cubic centimeter - cc)

45

Metric unit of length equal to one one-thousandth of a meter

Millimeter, abbrev. mm

46

Part per 100 parts

Percent (represented by %)

47

bid

twice daily

48

c

with

49

cc

cubic centimeter (same as mL)

50

gt

drop, pl. gtt

51

mL

Milliliter

52

NPO/n.p.o

nothing orally

53

p

after

54

PO/p.o

orally

55

prn

as needed

56

q

every

57

q4h

every 4 hours

58

qd

every day

59

qh

every hour

60

qid

four times daily

61

qn

every night

62

qod or eod

every other day

63

s

without

64

sid

once daily

65

T

tablespoon or tablet

66

tab

tablet

67

tid

three times daily

68

Surgical cut perpendicular to the long axis of the body, caudal to the last rib

Flank incision

69

Surgical cut oriented parallel to the last rib

Paracostal incision

70

Surgical cut lateral and parallel to the ventral midline but not on the midline

Paramedian incision

71

Surgical cut along the midsagittal plane of the abdomen along the linea alba

Ventral midline incision