Chapter 17 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

CLASSICS > Chapter 17 Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 17 Part 1 Deck (60):
1

Divine Myth

true myth, or myth proper

2

Legend aka Saga

- mythological stories that have kernel of historical truth
- transformed through multiple tellings
- focus on Heroes/heroines
- elements of folktale present

3

Greek for "hero"

Heros

4

Late Bronze Age also known as

The Mycenaean Age

5

When was the Mycenaean Age?

1600 - 1100 BCe

6

Two major divisions of Greek Heroes

Older Heroes (Long before trojan war)
Younger Heroes (Just before trojan war)

7

City of Peloponnesus

Mycenae

8

City of Greek Mainland

Thebes

9

Cities of Asia Minor

Troy

10

10 Heroic Motifs: Miraculous Unusual Conception Birth

Often Divine

11

10 Heroic Motifs: Immediate Opposition

Imminent Threat at Birth

12

10 Heroic Motifs: Enemies Instigate Accomplishments

By posing direct challenge

13

10 Heroic Motifs:
Assistance

Often Divine, Sometimes Human

14

10 Heroic Motifs Seemingly Insuperable Challenges

Sent on Quest; Labours Undertaken

15

10 Heroic Motifs: Various Adventures and Temptations

Human, Monstrous, Divine, Physical, Spiritual, Sexual

16

10 Heroic Motifs: Taboos

overcoming various prohibitions and taboos

17

10 Heroic Motifs: Triumph Over Death

Typically overcoming death but also KATABIS (the decent to the underworld)

18

10 Heroic Motifs: Reward

- marriage, power, and wealth

19

10 Heroic Motifs: Death

Heroes often die in obscurity or disgrace

20

Something rare that happens to heroes in the motif of death

Deification

21

What gives a person hero status in ancient times?

Noble Blood

22

5 motifs associated with Heroines

1. Departure/ Exile from home (under compulsion)
2. Seclusion (often in order to prevent the next 3)
3. Impregnation
4. Punishment and or rejection
5. Rescue and birth of son

23

10 Heroic Motifs in Heroic Quest

1. Miraculous Birth
2. Immediate Opposition
3. Enemies Instigate Accomplishments
4. Assistance
5. Seemingly Insuperable Challenges
6. Various Adventures and Temptations
7. Taboos
8. Triumph Over Death
9. Reward
10.death

24

Where is Thebes Located?

Boeotia (Cow Land)

25

Cadmus is the son of

King of Tyre in Phonenicia

26

Cadmus' Sister

Europa

27

Theban Saga

- Cadmus tries to find sister
- "follow cow' by Oracle
- ends up in Beotia
- Founds a city
- slays dragon for sacrifice
- teeth = sown men

28

Theban Saga

- Cadmus tries to find sister
- "follow cow' by Oracle
- ends up in Beotia
- Founds a city
- slays dragon for sacrifice
- teeth = 5 sown men

29

Who are the 5 Sown Men

founding families of Thebes

30

What does Zeus to Europa?

Disguised as a bull, he abducts her

31

Minos

Son of Europa and Zeus

32

What does Zeus use to lure young Europa onto his back?

Weaving Flowers

33

Name of Citadel that Cadmus founded

Cadmeia (Acropolis)
aka Thebes

34

Greek for Sown Men

Spartoi

35

Who is Cadmus a slave to for 1 year because he killed that dragon?

Ares

36

Cadmus's Reward for being a slave for 1 year

Harmonia

37

Harmonia's parents

Ares and Aphrodite

38

Bridal gift to Harmonia

Necklace

39

Who made Harmonia's Necklace?

Hephaestus

40

What did Cadmus and harmonia transform into?

Serpents

41

4 daughters of Cadmus and Harmonia

Ino, Semele, Autonoë, and Agave

42

Who is Semele the mother to?

Dionysus

43

Who is Agave the mother of?

Pentheus

44

After Cadmus had daughters what did he introduce to Thebes?

Alphabet
- derived from Pheonician Script

45

Place of Transformation for Cadmus and Harmonia

Illyria

46

What did Cadmus and harmonia transform into?

Serpents

47

Twins who are born from Antiope and Zeus

Amphion and Zethus

48

Amphion and Zethus parents

Antiope and Zeus

49

Amphion and Zethus parents

Antiope and Zeus

50

Antiope and Zethus raised on what mountain?

Cithaeron

51

Who raised antiope and zethus on mount. cithaeron?

A shepard

52

Antiope artsy side

musician because he's musically talented

53

Zethus job

more practically talented and became a sheperd

54

After avenging mother, Antiope and Zethus become rulers of...

Cadmeia

55

After avenging mother, Antiope and Zethus become rulers of...

Cadmeia

56

How does Amphion make the walls of Thebes?

His music moves stone in place

57

In the story of Thebes origins, how does Cadmeia get it's name?

Zethus marries Thebe

58

In the story of Thebes origins, how does Cadmeia get it's name?

Zethus marries Thebe

59

Who does Amphion marry?

Niobebe

60

Cadmia famed for what?

Having 7 gates