Chapter 17 (The Americans) 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 (The Americans) 2014 Deck (30):
1

True or False
The purpose of the office of Price Administration was to make sure that war industries received needed resources

False

2

True or False
African Americans who worked in noncombat positions during the war were called WaCs

False

3

True or False
George Patton led the U.S. Third Army to free Paris from German occupation

True

4

True or False
The Battle of Stalingrad marked a turning point in the war

True

5

True or False
On May 8, 1945, of V-E Day, Americans celebrated the Liberation of the death camps

False

6

True or False
The final decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan was made by J. Robert Oppenheimer

False

7

True or False
Atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Tokyo

False

8

True or False
A the Yalta Conference, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met to begin planning for the postwar world

True

9

True or False
The Selective Service System provided free education and loan guarantees to veterans

False

10

True of False
Nisei are Japanese Americans who were born during WWII

False

11

The problem of ____ was targeted by the Office of Price
a. inflation
b. recession
c. depression
d. unemployment

a. inflation

12

To protest discrimination______ organized a march on Washington Julu1. 1941
a. Franklin D. Roosevelt
b. Harry S. Truman
c. General George Marshall
d. A. Phillip Randolph

d. A. Phillip Randolph

13

General_____ led the Third army into paris to liberate the city from German occupation
a. George Patton
b. George Marshall
c. Douglas MacArthur
d. Dwight D. Eisinhower

a. George Patton

14

The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked the ______
a. last German offensive
b. liberation of the death camps
c. Allies' first victory in a land battle
d. Axis powers' first loss in a land battle

a. last German offensive

15

The Allied invasion of___ was given the code name D-day
a. Japan
b. Italy
c. North Africa
d. Nazi-occupied Europe

d. Nazi-occupied Europe

16

V-E Day, of May 8, 1945 was the day when____
a. the United States entered the war
b. allied forces invaded France
c. Germany surrendered
d. the Soviets stopped the Germans at the Volga

c. Germany surrendered

17

When forced to abandon the Phillipines,____ made the vow, "I shall return"
a. Hideki Tojo
b. Chester Nimitz
c. Douglas MacArthur
d. Franklin D. Roosevelt

c. Douglas MacArthur

18

Truman's aim in deciding to drop the atomic bomb was to_____
a. find out how destructive the bomv really was
b. teach Japanese military leaders a lesson
c. end the war and save American lives
d. show how powerful the United States was

c. end the war and save American lives

19

Nisei who lived on the West Coast were subjected to_____during the war
a. interrogation
b. internment
c. torture
d. compensation

b. internment

20

With respect to find better jobs, the war years marked a period of _____ for African Americans
a. decline
b. advance
c. stagnation
d. uncertainity

b. advance

21

To combat wartime inflation, the government did all of the following EXCEPT
a. raise and extend the income tax
b. impose wage and price controls
c. scientists and factory workers
d. increase production of consumer goods

d. increase production of war bonds

22

During the war, women in the WAACs served as
a. fighter pilots and foot soldiers
b. shipbuilders and waitresses
c. scientists and factory workers
d. nurses and radio operators

d. nurses and radio operators

23

Germany's goal in the battle of the Atlantic was to
a. invade the coast of Great Britain and then take over the entire country
b. keep food and war supplies from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union
c. prevent Allied forces from landing in Normandy and liberating France
d. prevent the invasion of North Africa

b. Keep food and war supplies from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union

24

The Supreme Commander of U.S. forces in Europe was
a. George Patton
b. George Marshall
c. Douglas MacArthur
d. Dwight D. Eisenhower

d. Dwight D. Eisenhower

25

In the Battle of Stalingrad, all of the following contributed to the Soviet victory EXCEPT
a. a brutal winter
b. a massive allied invasion
c. a massive Soviet counterattack
d. Hitler's refusal to order a German retreat

b. a massive Allied invasion

26

The general who led Allied troops in battles on the islands of Bataan and Leyte was
a. Dwight D. Eisenhower
b. Chester Nimitz
c. Charles Brown
d. Douglas MacArthur

d. Douglas MacArthur

27

In deciding to use the atomic bomb against Japan, President Truman's main goal was to
a. end the war quickly
b. weaken Japan for a long time
c. a massive Soviet counterattack
d. Hitler's refusal to order a German retreat

a. end the war quickly

28

The GI Bill of Rights made it possible for
a. African Americans to serve in combat positions
b. soldiers to take short leaves from fighting
c. veterans to attend college for free
d. enlisted men to receive officer training

c. veterans to attend college for free

29

Roosevelt's decision to remove people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps was a response to
a. strong anti-Japanese sentiments
b. verified reports of Japanese Americans acting as spies
c. the lack of Japanese Americans serving in the armed forces
d. rumors that the Japanese were developing and atomic bomb

a. strong anti-Japanese sentiment

30

An example of racial tensions during the war years is
a. sit-ins in the South staged by CORE
b. the actions of the Tuskegee Airmen
c. anti-Mexican demonstrations in Detroit
d. the "zoot-suit" riots in Los Angeles

d. the "zoot-suit" riots in Los Angeles