Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (23):
Learned socially based rules that dictate correct and incorrect behavior for various situations. Vary in culture, situation, etc.
When people in a group temporarily lose their individuality and behave in ways that they would not otherwise.
When the presence of other people improves performance.
When the presence of other people hinders performance.
When an individual working in a group exerts less effort than when working alone.
When people change their behavior or beliefs as a result of real or imagined unspoken group pressure.
When people adjust their behavior because of the directly expressed wishes of an individual or group.
When a minority in a group influences the behavior or beliefs of the majority.
When people comply with a demand that they think they must or should do.
An act intended to harm another.
Stress produces a readiness to act aggressively but the aggression will only occur if there are cues in the environment associated with an aggressive response.
The study of how people's behavior is affected by the environment in which they live.
Any act intended to benefit another person.
A desire to help another person rather than benefit oneself.
Arousal: cost-reward theory
People help of they are distressed by someone's need and if the costs of not helping outweigh the costs of helping.
Helping is often a result of empathy with the person in need of help.
Any type of behavior in which several people work together to attain a goal.
Whenever individuals try to attain a goal for themselves while denying that goal to others.
When one person believes that another person stands in the way of something of value.
Situations in which an action that is most rewarding for each individual will, if adapted by all, become disastrous for everyone.
Examples: prisoner's dilemma, resource dilemma, zero-sum game
Those who provide close supervision, discourage group discussion, and give many directives.
Those who provide loose supervision, ask for group members' ideas and opinions, and demonstrate concern their feelings.