Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (22):
What is Reconstruction?
Rebuilding the former Confederate states and readmitting them to the Union.
Compare Lincoln's 10 Percent Plan with the Radical Republican plan.
Lincoln's 10 percent plan- forgiving on the South
Radical Republians-wanted a harsher readmission process
What was the Freedman’s Bureau?
Agency that help African Americans make the transition to freedom
Where was Lincoln assassinated?
@ Ford's Theater
Who assassinated President Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
What building was the location where Lincoln died?
The Peterson House
Who becomes the 17th President of the United States?
What was the significance of the 13th Amendment?
It abolished slavery in 1865
What was the significance of the 14th Amendment?
Gave full citizenship to anyone born in the US, including African-Americans in 1866.
What was the significance of the 15th Amendment?
Gave African American men the right to vote in 1870
What did 14 African Americans do in Tennessee in the late 1800's?
They served in the state's general assembly, state Senate & Representatives, this was called the Tennessee Reconstruction
Who won the Election of 1868?
Ulysses S. Grant
What were carpetbaggers?
Northerners that moved to the South during Reconstruction to find wealth by bringing industry to the region.
What did the name scalawags mean?
A name used by former Confederates to describe some white Southerners that were pro-Union.
What was the largest terrorist group in America that was against African-American rights?
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
What was unique about Rutherford B. Hayes' victory in the Election of 1876?
He won the election with more more electoral votes, but less popular votes than Tildan
What were the purpose of poll taxes and literacy tests in many Southern states?
They were added as requirements for voting in many Southern states to keep African Americans from voting
What is segregation?
Separation of the races
What were Jim Crow Laws?
Laws that required African Americans and whites to be separated in almost every public places
What did the court case Plessy v Ferguson say about segregation?
That it was legal as long as it was separate AND equal
What was an exoduster?
African Americans that left the South after the war