Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (22):
Who won the election of 1868?
Ulysses S. Grant
What were carpetbaggers?
Northerners that moved to the South during Reconstruction to find wealth by bringing industry to the region.
What did name scalawags mean?
To describe some whites Southerners that pro-Union
What was the largest terrorist group in America that was against African American rights?
The Ku Klux Klan
What was unique about Rutherford B. Hayes victory in the election in 1876?
He won with more electoral votes, but less popular votes than Tilden
What were the purpose of polities and literacy tests in many Southern states?
To keep African Americans from voting
What is segregation?
Separation of the races
What were the Jim Crow Laws?
It required African Americans and Whites to be separated in almost every public place.
What did the court case Plessy v. Ferguson say about segregation?
It said segregation was legal as long as it was separate and equal
What was an exoduster?
African Americans that left the South after the war.
Who was the Tennessean who led a group of exodusters to Kansas?
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton
What is Reconstruction?
Rebuilding the former Confederate states and readmitting them to the Union
Compare Lincoln's 10% Plan with the Radical Republican Plan.
Lincoln's plan was forgiving on the South and the Republicans plan wanted a harsher readmission process
What was the Freedman's Bureau?
Agency that helped African Americans make the transition to freedom
Where was Lincoln assassinated at?
At Ford's theater
Who assassinated Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
What building was the location where Lincoln died?
The Petersen House across the street from Ford's theater
Who becomes the 17th president of the United States?
What was the significance of the 13th Amendment?
It abolished slavery in 1865
What was the significance of the 14th Amendment?
It gave full citizenship to anyone born in the U.S. including African Americans in 1866
What was the significance of the 15th Amendment?
Gave African American men the right to vote in 1870