Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (22):
0

Who won the election of 1868?

Ulysses S. Grant

1

What were carpetbaggers?

Northerners that moved to the South during Reconstruction to find wealth by bringing industry to the region.

2

What did name scalawags mean?

To describe some whites Southerners that pro-Union

3

What was the largest terrorist group in America that was against African American rights?

The Ku Klux Klan

4

What was unique about Rutherford B. Hayes victory in the election in 1876?

He won with more electoral votes, but less popular votes than Tilden

5

What were the purpose of polities and literacy tests in many Southern states?

To keep African Americans from voting

6

What is segregation?

Separation of the races

7

What were the Jim Crow Laws?

It required African Americans and Whites to be separated in almost every public place.

8

What did the court case Plessy v. Ferguson say about segregation?

It said segregation was legal as long as it was separate and equal

9

What was an exoduster?

African Americans that left the South after the war.

10

Who was the Tennessean who led a group of exodusters to Kansas?

Benjamin "Pap" Singleton

11

What is Reconstruction?

Rebuilding the former Confederate states and readmitting them to the Union

12

Compare Lincoln's 10% Plan with the Radical Republican Plan.

Lincoln's plan was forgiving on the South and the Republicans plan wanted a harsher readmission process

13

What was the Freedman's Bureau?

Agency that helped African Americans make the transition to freedom

14

Where was Lincoln assassinated at?

At Ford's theater

15

Who assassinated Lincoln?

John Wilkes Booth

16

What building was the location where Lincoln died?

The Petersen House across the street from Ford's theater

17

Who becomes the 17th president of the United States?

Andrew Johnson

18

What was the significance of the 13th Amendment?

It abolished slavery in 1865

19

What was the significance of the 14th Amendment?

It gave full citizenship to anyone born in the U.S. including African Americans in 1866

20

What was the significance of the 15th Amendment?

Gave African American men the right to vote in 1870

21

What did 14 African Americans do in Tennessee the late 1800's?

They served in the states general assembly, state senate and representatives