Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (49):
1

atele

incomplete

2

-baros

pressure

3

dia

through

4

dys

bad, difficult

5

-ectasis

dilation

6

ex

out

7

in

in

8

intra

within

9

-pena

breathe

10

pneumo

air

11

pulmo

lung

12

rhin

nose

13

spir

breathe

14

rinoplasty

surgical procedure to alter the shape of the external nose (nose job)

15

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx caused by infection or smoking

16

tracheotomy

incision is made below the cricoid cartilage and tracheal tube is inserted to create an emergency air passageway

17

asthma attack

bronchiolar smooth muscle goes into spasm

18

high altitude sickness

shortness of breath, nausea, and dizziness due to reduced oxygen at high altitudes

19

carbon monoxide poisoning

elevated blood levels of CO2; makes lips red

20

emphysema

progressive destruction of aveoli and collapse of respiratory branchioles

21

bronchitis

inflammation of the upper respiratory tract

22

hypercapnia

increase in blood CO2 pressure which overstimulates chemoreceptors

23

hypocapnia

decreased CO2 pressure in blood; chemoreceptors aren't stimulated

24

asthma

chronic airway inflammation, airway hypersensitivity, and airway obstruction

25

COPD

chronic obstruction of airflow

26

chronic bronchitis

excessive secretion of bronchial mucous accompanied by a cough

27

lung cancer

leading cause of cancer death; 85% of cases are due to smoking and only 10-15% of patients survive

28

pneumonia

acute infection or inflammation of the aveoli

29

tuberculosis

caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis

30

coryza

common cold; caused by hundreds of viruses

31

influenza

(flu) caused by viruses; symptoms include chills, fever, headache, and muscle aches

32

pulmonary edema

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs

33

abdominal thrust manuever

Heimlich maneuver; used to clear airways of obstructing objects

34

asphyxia

oxygen starvation to due low atmospheric oxygen or interference with ventilation

35

aspiration

inhalation into the brachial tree of a substance other than air

36

bronchoscopy

visual exam of the bronchi through a bronchoscope

37

cystic fibrosis

inherited disease of secretory epithelia that affects the airways, liver, pancreas, small intestine, and sweat glands; causes clogged airways

38

dyspnea

painful breathing

39

epistaxis

loss of blood from the nose (nosebleed)

40

hypoxia

deficiency of O2 at the tissue level

41

mechanical ventilation

use of an automatically cycling device to assist breathing

42

pleurisy

inflammation of pleural membranes; causes friction during breathing

43

rales

sounds in the lungs resembling bubbling or rattling

44

respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)

premature newborns in which aveoli do not remain open due to lack of surfacant

45

respiratory failure

respiratory system cannot supply enough oxygen or eliminate CO2

46

rhinitis

chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose

47

SIDS

death of infants 1 week - 12 months old, thought to be due to hypoxia from sleeping on their bellies

48

tachypnea

rapid breathing rate

49

wheeze

whistling, squeaking, or musical high-pitched sound during breathing due to partial obstruction