Flashcards in Chapter 18-Conservation, Pollution And Waste Management Deck (14):
What is conservation?
The protection and careful management of our natural resources.
Name 3 endangered species in Ireland.
Barn owl, cornflower, bog orchid.
Name 5 human endangerment methods.
Agriculture practices, deforestation, nature-clearing, insecticides, over-fishing.
What is pollution?
The addition of harmful substances to the environment.
What is air pollution caused by?
Mainly the burning of fossil fuels such as oil or gas.
What is soil pollution caused by?
Mainly the addition of excess fertiliser and other chemicals to the soil.
What is waste management?
The way that we deal with our waste.
Name 3 methods of waste management.
Landfill sites, incineration, recycling.
Name 1 advantage and 1 disadvantage of landfill sites.
Advantage: methane gas produced as a fuel, convenient.
Disadvantage: unsightly, bad smells, vermin, chemical, space.
Name 1 advantage and 1 disadvantage of incineration.
Advantage: deals with lots of waste, clean, efficient.
Disadvantage: produces oil, poisonous fumes.
Name 1 advantage and 1 disadvantage of recycling.
Advantage: environmentally friendly, saves money, energy.
Disadvantage: some materials may not be recyclable.
What is the waste management pyramid?
Name some positive effects of humans on the environment.
Reducing pollution, protecting endangered species.