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Flashcards in chapter 18: managing our waste Deck (43)
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1

what is the beare roade site?

an ex landfill in scarborough that is now used to produce methane energy. LFGTE - Landfill gas to electricity

2

what is the smokey mountain?

a landfill site in manilla with over 2 million tons of garbage

3

municipal solid waste

non-liquid waste that comes from homes, institutions, and small businesses

4

waste water

= water used in a household, business, or industry, as well as polluted runoff from our streets and storm drains

5

leachate

the liquid that results when substances from
the trash dissolve in water as rain water percolates
downward

6

what are the three main components of waste management?

source reduction (minimizing the amount of waste we generate), recycling, and disposing of waste safely and effectively

7

decommissioning

Shutting down an
industrial site and getting it ready for cleanup and postindustrial re-purposing

8

what are the main components of municipal waste in canada?

a, paper, organics, and plastics are the principal components of municipal solid waste

9

how is waste disposal governed at the municipal level?

Collection, diversion, and disposal of solid waste
Drop-off facilities for hazardous waste

10

how is waste disposal governed at the provincial level?

Movement of waste materials within the jurisdiction–Licensing of treatment facilities–Legislation and guidelines for landfill sites'

11

what are sanitary landfills?

waste buried in the ground or piled in large, engineered mounds .. engineered to minimize leakage of contaminants

12

what happened in islip new york when they tried to dispose of their garbage?

1987 landfills were full, and a barge traveled to empty the waste in North Carolina, which rejected the load

13

incineration

garbage is burned at high temperatures.. hazardous chemicals are created and released during

14

what do scrubbers do(waste)?

= chemically treat the gases produced in combustion to remove hazardous components and neutralize acidic gas

15

landfill gases consist of roughly half ______

methane

16

what are some source reduction strategies?

Reduce packaging–Ban or per-bag charges for plastic grocery bags–Increase the longevity of goods

17

composting

= the conversion of organic waste into mulch or humus through natural biological processes of decomposition

18

The less waste a house generates the less it is charged for trash collection..... this is an example of

pay-as-you-throw incentive

19

industrial ecology

= redesigning industrial systems to reduce resource inputs and to minimize physical inefficiency while maximizing economic efficiency

20

life cycle analysis

= examine the life cycle of a product and look for ways to make the process more ecologically efficient

21

what is waste exchange?

= a network service with the goal of linking producers of waste with industries or individuals that can make use of the waste as raw material

22

what is a reactive substance?

= substances that are chemically unstable and readily react with other compounds, often explosively or by producing noxious fumes

23

what is a corrosive substance?

= substances that corrode metals in storage tanks or equipment

24

surface inpoundments

shallow depressions lined with material, which hold liquid waste

25

deep well injection

a well is drilled deep beneath the water table and waste is injected into it

26

what is a brownfield?

sites that have been contaminated but have the potential to be cleaned up and remediated

27

vector

an organism that transfers pathogens to a host

28

radon

= a highly toxic, radioactive gas that is colorless and undetectable without specialized kit, can cause cancer

29

where does lead poisoning come from? what are the potential threats?

water going through lead pipes, lead-based paint on popular brand-name children’s toys–
Damages organs, causes learning problems, behavior abnormalities, and death

30

where do PBDES come from? what are the potential threats?

Computers, TVs, plastics, furniture–Endocrine disruptors, impacts brain and nervous system