Chapter 18 - Second Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Second Half Deck (20)
1

Outgroup

Them - those perceived as different or apart from one's ingroup.

2

Ingroup Bias

The tendency to favor one's own group.

3

Scapegoat Theory

The theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame.

4

Just-World Phenomenon

The tendency of people to believe that the world is just and that people deserve what they get or get what they deserve.

5

Aggression

Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.

6

Frustration-Aggression Principle

The principle that frustration - the blocking of an attempt to achieve a goal - creates anger, which can generate aggression.

7

Conflict

A perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas.

8

Social Trap

A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior.

9

Mere Exposure Effect

The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them.

10

Passionate Love

An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a relationship.

11

Companionate Love

The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those whom our lives are intertwined.

12

Equity

A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it.

13

Self-Disclosure

Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others.

14

Altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others.

15

Bystander Effect

The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.

16

Social Exchange Theory

The theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs.

17

Reciprocity Norm

An expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them.

18

Social Responsibility Norm

An expectation that people will help those dependent upon them.

19

Superordinate Goals

Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation.

20

Ingroup

Us - people with whom one shares a common identity.