Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Second Half Deck (20)
Them - those perceived as different or apart from one's ingroup.
The tendency to favor one's own group.
The theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame.
The tendency of people to believe that the world is just and that people deserve what they get or get what they deserve.
Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.
The principle that frustration - the blocking of an attempt to achieve a goal - creates anger, which can generate aggression.
A perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas.
A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior.
Mere Exposure Effect
The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them.
An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a relationship.
The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those whom our lives are intertwined.
A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it.
Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others.
Unselfish regard for the welfare of others.
The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.
Social Exchange Theory
The theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs.
An expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them.
Social Responsibility Norm
An expectation that people will help those dependent upon them.
Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation.