Chapter 18 - Test 8 Flashcards Preview

7th World History A Beka > Chapter 18 - Test 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Test 8 Deck (42):
1

John Calvin was a Protestant leader from

France

2

______ was the first Protestant king of France.

Henry IV

3

In France, the _____ paid most of the taxes.

peasants

4

The First Estate was comprised of the

clergy

5

Those on the ____ of the National Assembly were radicals who wanted the Revolution to go further.

Left

6

Napoleon established the Continental System to shut off trade to

England

7

Napoleon did on the island of

St. Helena

8

The _____ ______ forced Charles X to flee to England.

July Revolution

9

France was _____ in the Franco-Prussian War

defeated

10

Louis Napoleon proclaimed himself Emperor ______.

Napoleon III

11

"the sun King"

Louis XIV

12

Russian czar who defied Napoleon

Alexander I

13

leader during the Reign of Terror

Maximilien Robespierre

14

ruthless queen who ruled for her weak sons

Catherine de Medicis

15

issued the Edict of Nantes

Henry IV

16

The French term for middle class is

bourgeoisie

17

The influential spokesman known as the "Prince of Diplomats" at the Congress of Vienna was

Prince von Metternich

18

Louis XIV reigned for over ____ years, one of the longest reigns of any king in history.

70

19

3 famous thinkers of the Enlightenment

Montesquieu, Rousseau, Voltaire

20

What French monarch was beheaded after the "flight of Varennes"?

Louis XVI

21

About how many people died during the bloody "Reign of Terror"?

40,000

22

An election in which the people express their will is a

plebiscite

23

In 1813, the forces of Europe defeated Napoleon at the Battle of _____, also called the Battle of Nations.

Leipzig

24

The Duke of Wellington was the famous _____ at the Battle of Waterloo.

British commander

25

The Congress of Vienna attempted to surround ____ with powerful nations.

France

26

the pre-revolutionary monarchy in France

"old regime"

27

National Assembly's vow to write a constitution

Tennis Court Oath

28

granted some toleration to the Huguenots

Edict of January

29

reign of Louis Philippe

July Monarchy

30

French version of Parliament

Estates-General

31

What are French Calvinist Protestants called?

Huguenots

32

What name was given to the massacre of thousands of French Protestants on August 24, 1572?

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

33

What magnificent palace did Louis XIV build to keep the aristocracy occupied?

Versailles

34

Which French king is known to have said "Apres moi le deluge"?

Louis XV

35

Which estate was made up of the middle class and peasants?

Third

36

Name the French castle stronghold stormed by the people of Paris in 1789.

Bastille

37

Who commanded the British fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar?

Lord Nelson

38

What was Napoleon's worst enemy in the Russian campaign?

winter

39

Where did Napoleon meet his final defeat?

Waterloo

40

What country did Prince von Metternich represent at the Congress of Vienna?

Austria

41

compare the French Revolution with the American War for Independence. How were they different?

The French Rev. was an attempt to give men rights without responsibility. In France, the people who disagreed with the Rev. were imprisoned or killed. Atheism was at an all-time high, resulting in the bloody Reign of Terror. The American War for Independence, on the other hand, was firmly grounded in principles - not selfish desires. America had no "peasants" that demanded equality, and the War for Independence was not for equality but for freedom.

42

On the map on page 55 of your Atlas know the following:

Pyrenees Mts., Switzerland, Corsica, Monaco, Belgium, Seine River, Bay of Biscay, Paris, Geneva, English Channel