Chapter 18 Vocabulary Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Vocabulary Test Deck (16):
1

Disease

any harmful change in the state of health of your body or mind

2

Noninfectious disease

disease that is not caused by a virus or living organism

3

Risk factor

characteristic or behavior that raises a person’s chances of getting a noninfectious disease

4

Hereditary disease

disease caused by defective genes inherited by a child from one or both parents

5

Metabolism

process by which the body converts the energy in food into energy the body can use

6

Allergy

overreaction of the immune system to something in the environment that is harmless to most people

7

Autoimmune disease

disease in which a person’s immune system attacks certain cells, tissues, or organs of the body

8

Cancer

disease in which cells grow uncontrollably and invade and destroy healthy tissues

9

Tumor

mass of abnormal cells

10

Malignant

type of tumor that is cancerous and can be life threatening

11

Benign

type of tumor that is not cancerous are usually not life threatening

12

Biopsy

sample of tissue that is removed from the patient and that is sent to a specialist to see if cancer cells are present

13

Poison

something that causes illness or death on contact or if it is swallowed or inhaled

14

Toxin

poison produced by a living organism

15

Accident

any unexpected event that causes damage, injury, or death

16

Traumatic injury

injury caused by physical force