Chapter 18 Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Words Deck (26):
1

Inadvertent

unintentional and accidental;unplanned

2

Perfunctory

characterized by casual indifference; performing in a routine manner; careless; half-hearted; hurried rapid quick

3

Austerity

refraining from spending; a bad economic condition that does not allow luxuries; severe; strict;stern; an economic policy by which a government reduces the amount of money it spends by a large amount

4

Indigenous

a plant, animal, or person that is native or ENDEMIC to an area; native to a particular area; innate; inherent; native; au·toch·tho·nous; ATOCHTHONOUS

5

Litany

a long and familiar list often recited by rote; a long list of problems/complaints; a recital of items; a long list

6

Estrange

to alienate; to drive apart; to distance; to turn (someone) away

7

Gregarious

marked by a liking for companionship; sociable; AFFABLE; sociable and friendly; AMIABLE; CONVIVIAL; GENIAL; CONGENIAL; CORDIAL; AMICABLE

8

Impasse

a deadlock or stalemate; a problem without a solution;a situation in which no progress is possible; deadlock; dead end; halt

9

Arduous

describes a difficult task that requires a great deal of strenuous work; difficult; strenuous; ONEROUS; laborious; demanding; challenging; EXACTING; HERCULEAN

10

Eschew

to avoid something deliberately; to avoid; to keep away from; to FORGO; to avoid or shun

11

Preclude

to make impossible; to prevent or to FORESTALL(keep from happening) something from happening; to prevent/stop/impede/prohibit; DEBAR; or PROSCRIBE; to THWART; AVERT; OBVIATE

12

Posthumous

occurring or coming to existence after a persons death;arising, occurring/happening, or continuing after one's death

13

Impetus

the moving force behind something; a stimulus(an encitement) that moves something along; a moving/driving force; motivation; stimulus; INDUCEMENT(a thing that persuades or influences someone to do something.); inspiration; encouragement; incentive

14

Pristine

immaculately(impeccably) clean; unspoiled; free from contamination; clean; untarnished; in original condition; IMPECCABLE; IMMACULATE; both mean perfect

15

Erroneous

incorrect; mistaken; wrong; filled with errors; wrong/incorrect/fallacious/false/mistaken; SPECIOUS; SPURIOUS;

16

Admonish(write all 3 meanings)

to counsel against, to warn EARNESTLY; to chastise; BERATE; REBUKE; REPROVE; UPBRIAD;CRITICIZE; CASTIGATE; CHIDE;SCOLD ORRRR to advise, caution, or warn

17

Demarcate

2 meanings; to clearly set or mark the boundaries of a group or geographic area; to set boundaries or limits; to mark off;to separate or divide. to DELIMIT(establish or define/determine something) OR DELINEATE(outline/trace/mark off)

18

Foster

to promote and encourage; to encourage, promote, cultivate, further, advance, stimulate(trigger,spark,galvanize)

19

Florid

excessively ornamental, as in a very flowery style of writing; neither plain nor STARK(distinct/clear); ORNATE(elaborate); ostentatious(showy);bombastic; very fancy or too fancy(typically refers to writing)

20

Churlish

characterized by SURLY(bad tempered, unfriendly, moody)/unpleasant and rude behavior; sullen and devoid of CIVILITY; IRASCIBLE and CANTANKEROUS; rude, ill-mannered, sullen(sulky/gloomy/moody/bad tempered/sour/PETULANT); FRACTIOUS; PEEVISH

21

Curtail

to cut back, limit; to reduce, cut, decrease, lessen; restrict or limit; to cut short; diminish

22

Endemic

native or restricted to a certain country or area; indigenous; native; au·toch·tho·nous; AUTOCHTHONESS

23

Adhere

to abide by, follow, obey, or heed; to hold to; to stick to something

24

Stark

sheer, utter, downright, complete OR extremely simple or bare, desolate, empty

25

Stringent

Very strict, firm, exacting, demanding,

26

Galvanize

Spur on; impel; urge; motivate; catalyze(cause or accelerate a reaction); invigorate; inspire