Chapter 19-21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19-21 Deck (38):
0

Oasis

Small fertile green area in desert usually having a spring or we'll

1

Silt

Earthly matter carried by water deposited as sediment

2

Tributaries

A stream or river that feeds into another stream or lake

3

Maize

Corn

4

Mutton

Sheep flesh

5

Millet

Grain

6

Logograph

Characters that stand for words

7

Human sacrifice

Sacrificing humans as a ritual for deities (gods)

8

Ancestor worship

Worshiping ancestors

9

Economy

Wealth and resources of a country or region

10

Mandate of Heaven

Power or law given believed to be given by a god

11

Feudalism

System of government based on land, landowners, and tenants

12

Civil servant

A person working for the government

13

Yin and Yang

Opposing forces of nature

14

Clan

Group of family and friends

15

More _______ live in china than any other place.

People

16

Warm weather and a lot of moisture allowed the ancient Chinese to grow rice where?

The Chang Jiang Basins

17

What made Inner China more appealing to settlers than Outer China?

Closer to sea level,
Land of rolling hills,
River valleys and plains,
Rivers for irrigation,
Enriched soil

18

Shang capital city

Anyang

19

What proves that they believe in life after death?

Slaves, servants ,and animals were buried in the kings tomb to serve the king in the after life

20

What helped Shang kings stay in power?

Younger brothers and nephews owned smaller kingdoms

21

What were weapons made of?

Bronze

22

Social Structure

King and relatives,artisans,traders,farmers,slaves

23

Oracle Bones

Piece of bone or she'll was heated to seek advice from kings ancestors

24

Writing

Helped unify Chinese people

25

How did they take over? (Zhou Dynasty)

Moved to central plains then overthrew the Shang Dynasty and made a new dynasty

26

How did Mandate of Heaven help Zhou Dynasty rule?

Claimed to have been given the Mandate of Heaven to prove why they ruled

27

What led to philosophies?

The 3 major schools of thought

28

Feudalism help government by....

Increased the stability of the government

29

Warring states causes

Lords betrayed the king, small states fought each other,and then grouped into 6 or 7 states

30

Confucianism founder was.....

Confucius

31

Confucianism teaches.....

Good behavior
And was created because Confucius wanted a peaceful society

32

Confucianism influenced
Government-
Culture-

Government- Han empire hired civil servants for their ability and wisdom
Culture- People respect elders, know proper behavior, and love scholarship

33

Daoism founder was.....

Laozi

34

Daoism taught people.....

Happiness was gained when living Harmony with nature

35

Daoism influenced
Government-
Other-

Government- Not to govern harshly or very little
Other- Thought, writing, and art

36

Legalism founder was.........

Hanfeizi

37

Legalism teaches.........

People to have punishments for bad behaviors and strict laws