Flashcards in Chapter 19-21 Deck (38):
Small fertile green area in desert usually having a spring or we'll
Earthly matter carried by water deposited as sediment
A stream or river that feeds into another stream or lake
Characters that stand for words
Sacrificing humans as a ritual for deities (gods)
Wealth and resources of a country or region
Mandate of Heaven
Power or law given believed to be given by a god
System of government based on land, landowners, and tenants
A person working for the government
Yin and Yang
Opposing forces of nature
Group of family and friends
More _______ live in china than any other place.
Warm weather and a lot of moisture allowed the ancient Chinese to grow rice where?
The Chang Jiang Basins
What made Inner China more appealing to settlers than Outer China?
Closer to sea level,
Land of rolling hills,
River valleys and plains,
Rivers for irrigation,
Shang capital city
What proves that they believe in life after death?
Slaves, servants ,and animals were buried in the kings tomb to serve the king in the after life
What helped Shang kings stay in power?
Younger brothers and nephews owned smaller kingdoms
What were weapons made of?
King and relatives,artisans,traders,farmers,slaves
Piece of bone or she'll was heated to seek advice from kings ancestors
Helped unify Chinese people
How did they take over? (Zhou Dynasty)
Moved to central plains then overthrew the Shang Dynasty and made a new dynasty
How did Mandate of Heaven help Zhou Dynasty rule?
Claimed to have been given the Mandate of Heaven to prove why they ruled
What led to philosophies?
The 3 major schools of thought
Feudalism help government by....
Increased the stability of the government
Warring states causes
Lords betrayed the king, small states fought each other,and then grouped into 6 or 7 states
Confucianism founder was.....
And was created because Confucius wanted a peaceful society
Government- Han empire hired civil servants for their ability and wisdom
Culture- People respect elders, know proper behavior, and love scholarship
Daoism founder was.....
Daoism taught people.....
Happiness was gained when living Harmony with nature
Government- Not to govern harshly or very little
Other- Thought, writing, and art
Legalism founder was.........