* Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in * Chapter 19 Deck (101)
1

method of riding in which a rider guides (rather than uses hands, feet, or legs) a trained horse through natural maneuvers

dressage

2

act and practice of riding a horse

equitation

3

distance between successive imprints of the same foot

stride

4

time in which none of the feet are in contact with the ground

suspension

5

non-weight bearing phase of a stride

swing

6

method of riding in which the stirrup length is long, the rider rides in an upright posture, and the rider has a one-handed hold on the reins

Western

7

malocclusion in which the top and bottom teeth do not meet

bad mouth

8

development of mammary glands or udder near parturition

bag up, also called bagging up

9

support structure that angles forward from the hoof wall to keep it from overexpanding; also the gap between a horse's incisors and molars; also the side points on the tree of a saddle

bars

10

artificial altering of teeth of an older horse to sell it as a younger horse

bishoping

11

one of two ligaments to the digital flexors of equine; maintains the limbs in extended position during standing

check ligament

12

lower incisors protrude beyond upper incisors

Monkey mouth

13

upper incisors protrude beyond lower incisors

Parrot mouth

14

horny growths on the medial surface of the equine leg either above the knee in the front limb or toward the caudal area of the hock in the rear limb; also a coat color of horses

chestnut

15

hoof wall defects that form because the hoof is too long and not trimmed frequently enough

cracks

16

top part of equine rump

croup

17

deep indentations of the incisors in the center of the occlusal surface in young permanent teeth

cups

18

enlargement on the caudal aspect of the hind leg below the hock

curb

19

marks on the occlusal surface of the incisor teeth appearing first as narrow, yellow lines, then as dark circles near the center of the tooth

dental stars

20

response of a stallion to the scent of a female horse's urine in which he extends his head and curls his upper lip

flehmen reaction

21

tendon that causes the fetlock joint to flex

flexor tendon

22

first estrus that occurs shortly after parturition (usually not fertile)

foal heat

23

having all of the permanent teeth and cups present

full-mouthed

24

mark on labial surface of the equine tooth; used to determine age; usually appears around 10 years of age

Galvayne's groove

25

large, air-filled ventral outpouching of the eustachian tube in equine

guttural pouch

26

collective term for the cecum, small colon, and large colon

hindgut

27

condition in which a tooth has risen to the masticatory level; when opposing teeth have reached sufficient height above the gum line to grind against one another

in wear

28

tissue attaches hoof to the underlying foot structures

lamina

29

inflammation of the sensitive laminae under the horny wall of the hoof

laminitis (a sequela of laminitis is founder)

30

first teeth that the animals develops

milk teeth

31

central incisors of equine; also a tool to remove excess hoof wall

nippers

32

varnishlike coating that holds moisture in the hoof and protects the hoof wall

periople

33

condition in which no cups are present in the permanent teeth

smooth mouth

34

anatomical mechanism of the equine limb that allows the animal to stand with little muscular effort; includes many muscles, ligaments, and tendons

stay apparatus

35

canine tooth in a horse (usually found only in males)

tush

36

opening of the labia to expose the clitoris while the female assumes a mating position

winking

37

rudimentary first upper premolars in equine that are usually shed in maturity

wolf teeth

38

style of mane that is sectioned and fastened with rubber bands; seen in Western show horses

banding

39

Coffin bone is detached and rotated toward the sole

founder

40

unattractive defect that does not interfere with performance

blemish

41

shiny coat for show horses

bloom

42

means by which a rider communicates with a horse (e.g. voice, hands, legs, seat)

aids

43

part of the bridle that is put in the horse's mouth to control the animal

bit

44

part of a harness that passes around the rump of a harnessed horse

breeching

45

part of a harness that includes the bit, reins, and headstall

bridle

46

grips on the heels and the outside of the front shoes of horses

calks

47

part of a saddle used to hold it onto the horse; placed around the girth area

cinch

48

tool used to remove horseshoes

clinch cutter

49

device used to prevent an animals from licking or biting an injured area

cradle

50

device used to lead and tie a horse

halter, also called a head collar

51

Parts of a bridle

Nose band
Brow band
Headstall
Throatlatch
Cheek piece
Bit

52

type of restraint in which the front feet or hind feet are placed in straps to keep them from moving

hobble

53

instrument used to clean the sole, frog, and hoof wall

hoof pick

54

instrument used to test sensitivity in the equine foot

hoof tester

55

tool used to remove horseshoes

pincher (pincers are central incisors)

56

tool used to remove worn horseshoes

puller

57

tool used for leveling a horse's foot

rasp

58

type of restraint in which all four feet are tied in an X pattern to keep them from moving or kicking

Scotch hobble

59

plate or rim of metal nailed to the palmar or plantar surface of an equine hoof to protect the hoof from injury or to aid in hoof disease management

shoe

60

equipment used in riding and driving horses

tack

61

bridle part that connects the bridle to the head located under the horse's throat; also area under throat where the head and neck are joined

throatlatch

62

material used to cushion the animal's shelter

bedding

63

application of an irritating substance to treat a blemish

blistering

64

What birth date is considered for racing or showing, regardless of the actual month the foal was born?

January 1

65

to house

board

66

to eat rapidly or to startle

bolt

67

enclosure where a horse can move freely

box stall

68

to be caught in a recumbent position and unable to rise

cast

69

restraint method using ropes to place an animal in lateral recumbency

casting

70

vice in which an equine grasps an object between the teeth, applies pressure, and swallows air

cribbing

71

method of using two ropes to secure a horse so that the head is level

cross-tying

72

harnessing and controlling horses from behind

driving

73

person who cares for equine feet, including trimming and shoeing

farrier

74

fringe of hair around an equine foot just above the hoof; also used to describe the fringe of hair on caudal aspects of canine limbs

feathering

75

making a series of skin blisters with a hot needle over an area of lameness

firing

76

nervous

flighty

77

filing off the sharp edges of equine teeth

floating

78

sire's offspring

get

79

animal that is not registered with a specific breed registry

grade

80

unit used to measure height of an equine at the withers; equal to 4 inches

hand

81

extra contraction of the flank muscles during respiration; caused by loss of lung elasticity

heaving

82

accumulation of sweat on a horse's body

lather

83

signals given to the horse through movement of the rider's legs

leg cues

84

act of exercising a horse on the end of a long rope, usually in a circle

longe(ing), also spelled lunge

85

left side of horse

near side

86

right side of horse

off side, also called far side

87

small fenced-in area

paddock, also called corral

88

are for grazing animals; also means grass or other forage that grazing animals eat

pasture

89

natural breeding

pasture mating, also called natural cover

90

piece of tack placed over the back of an equine for riding, draft, or pack

saddle

91

to breed successfully; said of a mare when she becomes pregnant

settle

92

equine with horseshoes

shod

93

defensive or aggressive movement of a horse in which the front leg is moved quickly and cranially

strike

94

act of determining whether a mare is in heat (estrus) by presenting a stallion to her

tease

95

mode of restraint in which a device is twisted on the upper lip or muzzle

twitch

96

accumulation of colostrum on the nipples of mares usually before foaling

waxing, also called waxed teats

97

large breed of working horse (usually over 17 hands)

draft horse (e.g Belgians)

98

breed of horse that is intermediate in size and stature (usually greater than 14.2 hands)

light horse (e.g. Standardbreds)

99

small breed of horse (usually less than 8.2 hands)

Miniature horse

100

small breed of equine (usually about 14 hands)

pony

101

breed of pony (usually between 11.5 and 14 hands) that originated from a cross between a Shetland pony stallion and an Arab/Appaloosa mare

Pony of Americas