Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (73):
0

Who initiated the First Crusade?

Pope Urban II

(Thomas DeLong)

1

This person was the grandson of Genghis Khan and founded the Yuan Dynasty.

Khubilai Khan

(Thomas DeLong)

2

Who brought the province of Aquitaine to England by marrying King Henry II?

Eleanor of Aquitaine

(Thomas DeLong)

3

This person founded the first Nordic colony in Greenland.

Eric the Red

(Thomas DeLong)

4

what are arabic numerals

Gabe Andersson

A number system made by the people of india that included the number zero, called arabic because european traders were first introduced to them by arabs

5

what are troubadours

Gabe Andersson

Traveling poets and minstrels most common in southern france and northern italy

6

what was a mendicant

Gabe Andersson

A monk of the franciscan and Dominican orders, who gave up all his possessions and begged for food, in exchange for preaching about God

7

What was the reconquista
Gabe Andersson

The re-conquest of Spain by Christian forces that were from Catalonia in northern Spain, at the time most of Spain was ruled by Muslims

8

What was Chivalry

Gabe Andersson

An idea in medieval Europe most common among nobles and Knights that introduced expectations of high ethical standards and refined manners

9

Papacy


Matthew Bagby

The central administration of the Roman Catholic Church; lead by Pope; central government of Latin Christianity.

10

Theme system


Matthew Bagby

system divided the Byzantium Empire into different districts that were each led by a general, created so military could respond quickly to attacks.

11

Sacraments


Matthew Bagby

Holy rituals that being spiritual blessings on the observants.

12

Guilds


Matthew Bagby

Association of workers in the dame occupation in a single city; stressed security and mutual control, limited membership, regulated apprenticeship, guaranteed good workmanship, discourage innovations, and often established franchise within cities.

13

This person's commentaries on Aristotle revived Western interest in Greek philosophy, which led to the development of scholasticism.

Ibn Rushd

(Thomas DeLong)

14

Who was Marco Polo?
Grady Barackman

Marco Polo was an Italian merchant and traveler that traveled from Europe into China.

15

Who was the French king in year 1589?
Grady Barackman

King Henry IV

16

Who created scholasticism?
Grady Barackman

Saint Thomas aquines

17

Who first discovered North America?
Grady Barackman

Leif Ericsson

18

What place was discovered by Eric the Red at the end of the tenth century?


(Elbert)

Greenland

19

Where were the people who occupied Iceland beginning in the late ninth century originally from?

(Elbert)

Scandinavia

20

After going on an exploratory voyage from Greenland what place did Leif Ericsson eventually arrive at?

(Elbert)

Newfoundland

21

Included Normandy, Aquitaine, and Paris. Located west of Holy Roman Empire


Rob Enright

France

22

What island was conquered by Muslims in the ninth century, but returned to Christian hands by Norman warriors in the eleventh century?
(Elbert)

Sicily

23

The name of this cathedral means Our Lady and it is located in Paris


(Elbert)

Notre Dame

24

Included Constantinople; gateway from Mediterranean Sea to Black Sea


Rob Enright

Byzantine

25

Large body of water that surrounded nearly all of Medieval Europe from the south


Rob Enright

Mediterranean Sea

26

Location that the Christians tried to "recapture" during the crusades in Medieval Europe


Rob Enright

Palestine

27

Body of water in northern Europe that sits just west of Sweden and Denmark


Rob Enright

Baltic Sea

28

Eleanor of Aquitaine


Dalinghaus

Most celebrated woman of her day who supported troubadours and code of chivalry

29

Leif Ericsson


Dalinghaus

Established "Vinland" in Canada at newfoundland

30

Issued letters of credits to merchants

Bankers

Noah Coleman

31

Otto I of Saxony


Dalinghaus

Proclaimed emperor by pope John XII in 962

32

Eric the Red


D
alinghaus

Discovered Greenland

33

Hugh Capet


Dalinghaus

Found Capetian dynasty in France

34

Dominated trade in Northern Europe

Hansa



Noah Coleman

35

Hugh Capet founded dynasty from 987 and lasted three centuries

Capetian France


Noah Coleman

36

Drew inspiration from the love poetry of Spain

Troubadours



Noah Coleman

37

Scandinavian seafarers

Vinland



Noah Coleman

38

Venice

Nate gamble

Italian city which was home to many merchants

39

Italian peninsula

Nate gamble

peninsula of Italy that stretched into the Mediterranean Sea.

40

Constantinople

Nate Gamble

capitol city of Byzantine empire; modern day Istanbul ; founded by Constantine.

41

Greenland

Nate gamble

large North Atlantic island discovered by Eric the Red.

42

Black Sea

Nate gamble

Sea north of modern day turkey that connects with Mediterranean Sea.

43

Language of the Lay peoples

Vernacular Languages
Aris Vinsant

44

Selection of church officials by lay emperors

Lay Investiture
Aris Vinsant

45

Noble Code of Ethics and Behavior among Christians; designed to stop Christians from fighting each other

Chivalry
Aris Vinsant

46

Traveling poets, minstrels, musicians, and entertainers

Troubadours
Aris Vinsant

47

Using Christian faith and Greek Reason to prove that God rationally exists; founded by St. Thomas Aquinas.

Scholastic Theology
Aris Vinsant

48

Ashoka Maurya conquered which Kingdom?

Kingdom of Kalinga
Gianni Catenacci

49

Who founded the Gupta Dynasty?

Chandra Gupta
Gianni Catenacci

50

Who founded the Jain religion?

Vardhamana Mahavira
Gianni Catenacci

51

What is the dharma?

The Buddhist Doctrine
Gianni Catenacci

52

Who became the Buddha (563-483 BC)?

Suddhartha Gautama
Gianni Catenacci

53

Men who not only studied Islam as a religion, but as a way of life.

Muslim philosophers
Ryan Chandler

54

Normans

Frankish and Scandanavian people
Ryan Chandler

55

Medieval Christians that sought spiritual purity

Cathars
Ryan Chandler

56

A monastery founded by St. Francis of Assisi

Dominican friars
Ryan Chandler

57

Venetian Merchants

Merchants from Venice. Contributed in spread of religion.
Ryan Chandler

58

King of northern Germany, ventured into Italy to protect the church and quell political disturbances

Otto I
Owen Dixon

59

"The red beard" Reigned in Southern Germany, absorbed the Northern Italian Lands of Barbarossa into his empire, pushed out by Papal states

Fredrick Barbarossa
Owen Dixon

60

Ordered an end to selection of church officials by empires, when challenged by Henry IV, excommunicated him from the church

Pope Gregory VII
Owen Dixon

61

Invaded England and ruled by descendants of Angles, Saxons, and other Germanic peoples

Duke William of Normandy or William the Conqueror
Owen Dixon

62

Used her influence to support traveling troubadours and encourage the cultivation of good manners, refinement, and romantic love.

Eleanor of Aquitaine
Owen Dixon

63

City-State

a city with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.


Riley

64

Monarchy

originated in France and England


Riley

65

Iron horseshoe

Increased crop production because horses could plow longer.


Riley

66

Horse collar

Increased crop production because horses could pull more weight.


Riley

67

Urban women

most guilds admitted women, and women also had own guilds.


Riley

68

Area where descendants of Vikings lived


Waldenmeyer

Norway

69

Otto was the king of this land


Waldenmeyer

Northern Germany

70

Area most tightly centralized


Waldenmeyer

England

71

Areas where one small Christian state survived fighting off Muslims


Waldenmeyer

Iberia

72

Most urban city by far


Waldenmeyer

Italy