Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?
It would connect the Atlantic and Pacific Coast
What are subsidies?
Financial and land grants, to companies that were willing to build this line
What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?
The Central Pacific company
What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?
The Union Pacific Company
The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
What occurred on May 10, 1869?
Workers completed construction of the Transcontinental Railroad @ Promontory Point
What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?
It was where a final golden spike joined the point...it was where all the tracks connected
What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?
They divided the country into 4 time zones in 1883
What were open ranges?
Land not fenced in or divided into lots
What were long drives?
When ranchers had to drive their cattle hundreds of miles on journeys
What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?
1.) Weather conditions and 2.)rustlers who tried to steal cattle. But the biggest challenge was 3.)fighting off stampedes
What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great Plains?
The Homestead Act
How much land is an acre?
Roughly the size of a football field
What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?
The steel plow
What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?
Bob wire, used to build fences
What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US Gov’t?
Chief Sitting Bull
Who had his last stand at the battle of Little Bighorn?
What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?
"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever"
Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?
What two things did the Dawes Act do?
1.) Broke up reservation land individually &
2.) removed tribal affiliations
What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding schools?
1.) taught to dress and act like European Americans
2.) taught English and couldn't use their native languages
3.) traditional names were replaced by European names
What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?
A gun discharged?????