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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
0

What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?

It would connect the Atlantic and Pacific Coast

1

What are subsidies?

Financial and land grants, to companies that were willing to build this line

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

The Central Pacific company

3

What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?

The Union Pacific Company

4

The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

China-Chinese immigrants

5

The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Ireland-Irish Immigrants

6

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

Workers completed construction of the Transcontinental Railroad @ Promontory Point

7

What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?

It was where a final golden spike joined the point...it was where all the tracks connected

8

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

They divided the country into 4 time zones in 1883

9

What were open ranges?

Land not fenced in or divided into lots

10

What were long drives?

When ranchers had to drive their cattle hundreds of miles on journeys

11

What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?

1.) Weather conditions and 2.)rustlers who tried to steal cattle. But the biggest challenge was 3.)fighting off stampedes

12

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great Plains?

The Homestead Act

13

How much land is an acre?

Roughly the size of a football field

14

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?

The steel plow

15

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Bob wire, used to build fences

16

What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US Gov’t?

Chief Sitting Bull

17

Who had his last stand at the battle of Little Bighorn?

George Custer

18

What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?

"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever"

19

Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?

Geronimo

20

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

1.) Broke up reservation land individually &
2.) removed tribal affiliations

21

What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding schools?

1.) taught to dress and act like European Americans
2.) taught English and couldn't use their native languages
3.) traditional names were replaced by European names

22

What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?

A gun discharged?????

23

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?

Wounded Knee