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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
0

What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?

Connect the Atlantic and Pacific Coast

1

What are subsidies?

Financial aid and land grants

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

The Central Pacific

3

What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?

The Union Pacific

4

The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

The Chinese immigrants

5

The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Irish immigrants

6

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

Workers completed construction of the Transcontinental Railroad at the Promontory point

7

What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?

It was a golden spike

8

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

Divided the country into 4 time zones

9

What were open ranges?

Land not fenced in or divided into lots

10

What were long drives?

Ranchers had to drive their cattle hundred miles on a journeys

11

What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?

Tough weather conditions, rustlers, and fighting off stampedes

12

Who had the last stand at the Battle of Bighorn?

George Clusters

13

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great Plains?

The Homestead Act

14

How much land is an acre?

About as big a football field

15

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?

Steel Plow

16

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Barbed Wire

17

What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US Gov’t?

Chief Sitting Bull

18

What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?

"From where the sun now stand, I will fight no more forever"

19

Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?

Geronimo

20

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

Broke up reservation land and removed tribal affiliations

21

What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding schools?

Taught how to dress and act like European American and they changed their names

22

What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?

Because one gun discharged while they were getting the weapons

23

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?

The Battle of Wounded Knee