Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?
Connect the Atlantic and Pacific Coast
What are subsidies?
Financial aid and land grants
What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?
The Central Pacific
What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?
The Union Pacific
The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
The Chinese immigrants
The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
What occurred on May 10, 1869?
Workers completed construction of the Transcontinental Railroad at the Promontory point
What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?
It was a golden spike
What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?
Divided the country into 4 time zones
What were open ranges?
Land not fenced in or divided into lots
What were long drives?
Ranchers had to drive their cattle hundred miles on a journeys
What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?
Tough weather conditions, rustlers, and fighting off stampedes
Who had the last stand at the Battle of Bighorn?
What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great Plains?
The Homestead Act
How much land is an acre?
About as big a football field
What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?
What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?
What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US Gov’t?
Chief Sitting Bull
What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?
"From where the sun now stand, I will fight no more forever"
Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?
What two things did the Dawes Act do?
Broke up reservation land and removed tribal affiliations
What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding schools?
Taught how to dress and act like European American and they changed their names
What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?
Because one gun discharged while they were getting the weapons