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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
0

What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?

Would connect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

1

What are subsidies?

Financial and land grants to companies that were willing to build this line.

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

Central Pacific company

3

What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?

Union Pacific company

4

The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Chinese immigrants

5

The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Irish immigrants

6

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

Workers completed construction of the Transcontinental Railroad at Promontory Point.

7

What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?

Final golden spike joined the tracks

8

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

Divided the country into 4 time zones

9

What were open ranges?

Land not fenced in or divided into lots

10

What were long drives?

To reach railroads in many states, ranchers had to drive their cattle hundreds of miles

11

What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?

Tough weather conditions, rustlers, and fight off stampedes.

12

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great Plains?

Homestead Act

13

How much land is an acre?

Size of a football field

14

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?

Steel plow

15

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Barbed wire

16

What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US Gov’t?

Chief Sitting Bull

17

Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?

Crazy Horse

18

What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?

"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever."

19

Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?

Geronimo

20

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

Broke up reservation land individually and removed tribal affiliations

21

What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding schools?

Dress/act like European Americans, they were taught English, and couldn't use their native languages.

22

What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?

To mourn Sitting Bull's death

23

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?

Wounded Knee