Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?
Connect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts
What are subsidies?
Financial aid and land grants
What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?
What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?
The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
What occurred on May 10, 1869?
Completion of transcontinental railroad
What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?
Joined the tracks
What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?
Divided the country into 4 time zones
What were open ranges?
Land not fenced in or divided into lots
What were long drives?
When ranchers had to drive their castles for hundreds of miles
What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?
Tough weather conditions, people trying to steal their cattle, and stampedes
What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great
How much land is an acre?
The size of a football field
What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough
What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?
What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US
Chief Sitting Bull
Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?
What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this
"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever"
Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?
What two things did the Dawes Act do?
Broke up reservation land and removed tribal affiliations
What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding
Taught to act and dress like European Americans, taught English, traditional names were replaced by European names
What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?
One gun discharged as they were taking the weapons