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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (23):
0

What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?

Would connect alantic and pacific coast

1

What are subsidies?

Finical Aid and land grants

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

Central pacific

3

What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?

Union company

4

The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Sacramento ca, Chinese immigrants

5

The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Irish immigrants, nc

6

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

Complete construction of the transcontinental railroad at the promontory point

7

What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?

Final garden snake joined the tracks

8

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

Divided the country into 4 time zones 1883

9

What were open ranges?

Land not divided into lot

10

What were long drives?

To reach railroads in many states ranchers had to drive their cattle hundreds of miles on a journey

11

What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?

-tough weather conditions
-rustlers tried to steal cattle
-stampede

12

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great
Plains?

The homestead act

13

How much land is an acre?

Roughly the size of a football field

14

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough
Midwestern sod?

Steel plow

15

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Barbed wire

16

What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US
Gov’t?

Chief sitting bull

17

Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?

Colonel George

18

What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this
time?

“From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”

19

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

- broke up reservation land individually
- removed tribal affiliations.

20

What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding
schools?

- taught to dress and act like European Americans. -were taught English and couldn’t use their native languages.
- traditional names were replaced by European names.

21

What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?

mourn Sitting Bull’s death

22

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?

Wounded knee