Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (23):
What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?
Would connect alantic and pacific coast
What are subsidies?
Finical Aid and land grants
What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?
What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?
The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
Sacramento ca, Chinese immigrants
The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
Irish immigrants, nc
What occurred on May 10, 1869?
Complete construction of the transcontinental railroad at the promontory point
What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?
Final garden snake joined the tracks
What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?
Divided the country into 4 time zones 1883
What were open ranges?
Land not divided into lot
What were long drives?
To reach railroads in many states ranchers had to drive their cattle hundreds of miles on a journey
What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?
-tough weather conditions
-rustlers tried to steal cattle
What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great
The homestead act
How much land is an acre?
Roughly the size of a football field
What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough
What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?
What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US
Chief sitting bull
Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?
What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this
“From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”
What two things did the Dawes Act do?
- broke up reservation land individually
- removed tribal affiliations.
What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding
- taught to dress and act like European Americans. -were taught English and couldn’t use their native languages.
- traditional names were replaced by European names.
What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?
mourn Sitting Bull’s death