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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (50):
1

Who is Leda?

Wife of Tyndareus

2

Who Tyndareus the King of?

King of Sparta

3

What does Zeus appear as before Leda?

A SWAN

4

How many eggs does Leda lay?

2 eggs = 4 kids

5

Leda and Zeus' children

-Polydeuces + Helen = immortal
-Castor and Clytemnestra = mortal

6

Polydeuces epithet

Pollux

7

What are the Dioscuri known as?

Sons of Zeus - the twins

8

Polydeuces

Boxer + son of zeus

9

Castor

- Mortal
- Son of Tyndareus
- Tamer of Horses

10

Who do the Dioscuri join?

Jason's Argonauts

11

The Dioscuri - Violent Storm

- flames flicker from Brother's heads
- storm ceases immediately

12

What are the flames known as?

Castor and Pollux
eg) St. Elmo's Fire

13

Who shares Pollux's immortality?

Castor because he's dead

14

Who is Helen

- ms.olympia
- all heroes want to marry her

15

What does Tyndareous worry about in regards to Helen?

Her rejected suitor
- Odysseus solves the problem
- negotiates own marriage to penelope

16

2 of Odysseus' conditions

1. Suitors must abide by tyndareus' decision
2. should helen be abducted, all suitors must vow to rescue her.

17

Who is Tyndareus' choice to marry his sister?

Menelaus, King of Sparta

18

Who is the King of Sparta?

Menelaus

19

Minor deity who was not invited to Peleus and Thetis wedding

ERis

20

What does Eris's name mean?

Discord

21

What wedding did Ellis not get invited to?

Peleus and Thetis

22

What does Eris toss at the wedding?

Golden Apple that says "to the fairest"

23

Who are the people who receive the pieces of the apple

Hera, Athena, Aphrodite

24

Who judges the people who have the apple

Paris - chosen by Zeus
- Paris = epithet = alexander
- son of priam, king of troy

25

Mother of Paris

Hecuba (Hekabe)

26

Who gives birth to the firebrand that destroys Troy?

Hecuba

27

Where is Paris exposed?

Mt. Ida

28

Different bribes from 3 goddesses to Paris

hera = world domination
athena = military victory
aphrodite = helen

29

Where do all the greek heroes assemble at?

Aulis

30

Odysseus named when he feigns madness

Wily Odysseus

31

son of odysseus

telemachus

32

wife of odysseus

penelope

33

what does odysseus plow the field with?

Ox and Ass
- sow fields with salt

34

Who places Telemachus before the plow and tries to show his sham?

Palamedes

35

Calchas

seer who accompanies Armada
- gives prophecy and says that Troy cannot be taken without Achilles

36

Achilles

Child of Peleus and Thetis (a nereid)

37

Parents of Achilles

peleus and thetis

38

2 versions of achilles' immortality

1) Burning off mortal parts and covered in ambrosia
2) dipped in River Styx

39

Who is Chiron?

Wise Centaur who tutors achilles

40

Achilles' best friend who also receives tutoring

Best Friend = Patroclus
- Mt. Pelion

41

Achilles's Fate

-Long inglorious life
- short glorious life

42

where was achilles' hidden?

island of Scyros

43

What was Achilles disguised as!

A girl!

44

Who does Achilles knock up?

Deidamia

45

Achilles's son

Pyhrrus / Neoptolemus

46

Who must Agamemnon sacrifice?

His daughter, Iphigenia
- gaining of winds and to appease Artemis

47

Iphigenia lured on pretext of marriage of being married to...

Achilles

48

Variant version of Iphigenia's sacrifice?

Artemis Substitutes a Doe and Iphigenia is whisked away to land of Taurians

49

In the variant version of the sacrifice of Iphigenia, where is she wihisked away to?

The land of Taurians

50

Philoctetes

island of chryse
- bitten by snake on foot
- son of Poeas
- healed by sons of Asclepius
- he killed Paris with a bow