Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (50):
Who is Leda?
Wife of Tyndareus
Who Tyndareus the King of?
King of Sparta
What does Zeus appear as before Leda?
How many eggs does Leda lay?
2 eggs = 4 kids
Leda and Zeus' children
-Polydeuces + Helen = immortal
-Castor and Clytemnestra = mortal
What are the Dioscuri known as?
Sons of Zeus - the twins
Boxer + son of zeus
- Son of Tyndareus
- Tamer of Horses
Who do the Dioscuri join?
The Dioscuri - Violent Storm
- flames flicker from Brother's heads
- storm ceases immediately
What are the flames known as?
Castor and Pollux
eg) St. Elmo's Fire
Who shares Pollux's immortality?
Castor because he's dead
Who is Helen
- all heroes want to marry her
What does Tyndareous worry about in regards to Helen?
Her rejected suitor
- Odysseus solves the problem
- negotiates own marriage to penelope
2 of Odysseus' conditions
1. Suitors must abide by tyndareus' decision
2. should helen be abducted, all suitors must vow to rescue her.
Who is Tyndareus' choice to marry his sister?
Menelaus, King of Sparta
Who is the King of Sparta?
Minor deity who was not invited to Peleus and Thetis wedding
What does Eris's name mean?
What wedding did Ellis not get invited to?
Peleus and Thetis
What does Eris toss at the wedding?
Golden Apple that says "to the fairest"
Who are the people who receive the pieces of the apple
Hera, Athena, Aphrodite
Who judges the people who have the apple
Paris - chosen by Zeus
- Paris = epithet = alexander
- son of priam, king of troy
Mother of Paris
Who gives birth to the firebrand that destroys Troy?
Where is Paris exposed?
Different bribes from 3 goddesses to Paris
hera = world domination
athena = military victory
aphrodite = helen
Where do all the greek heroes assemble at?
Odysseus named when he feigns madness
son of odysseus
wife of odysseus
what does odysseus plow the field with?
Ox and Ass
- sow fields with salt
Who places Telemachus before the plow and tries to show his sham?
seer who accompanies Armada
- gives prophecy and says that Troy cannot be taken without Achilles
Child of Peleus and Thetis (a nereid)
Parents of Achilles
peleus and thetis
2 versions of achilles' immortality
1) Burning off mortal parts and covered in ambrosia
2) dipped in River Styx
Who is Chiron?
Wise Centaur who tutors achilles
Achilles' best friend who also receives tutoring
Best Friend = Patroclus
- Mt. Pelion
-Long inglorious life
- short glorious life
where was achilles' hidden?
island of Scyros
What was Achilles disguised as!
Who does Achilles knock up?
Pyhrrus / Neoptolemus
Who must Agamemnon sacrifice?
His daughter, Iphigenia
- gaining of winds and to appease Artemis
Iphigenia lured on pretext of marriage of being married to...
Variant version of Iphigenia's sacrifice?
Artemis Substitutes a Doe and Iphigenia is whisked away to land of Taurians
In the variant version of the sacrifice of Iphigenia, where is she wihisked away to?
The land of Taurians