Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (63):
1

amyl

starch

2

-ase

enzyme

3

caec, cec

blind

4

chloe, cholecyst

gallbladder

5

chym

juice

6

dent

tooth

7

-ectomy

removal of

8

entero

intestine

9

gastr

stomach

10

gingiv

gums

11

ileo

ileum

12

jejun

empty

13

or

mouth

14

-ose

sugar

15

-rhea

to flow

16

-stomy

mouth, opening

17

taen

ribbon

18

gastroenterology

medical specialty that deals with the structure, function, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the stomach and intestines

19

peritontis

acute inflammation of the peritoneum caused by infectious microbes

20

root canal therapy

procedure in which all traces of pulp tissue are removed from the pulp cavity of a badly diseased tooth

21

GERD

failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to close completely causes stomach content to back up into the esophagus

22

GERD

failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to close completely causes stomach content to back up into the esophagus

23

vomiting

forcible expulsion of the contents of the upper GI tract through the mouth

24

pancreatic cancer

affects people over 50 and more males

25

gallstone

crystallized components of bile

26

lithotripsy

shockwave therapy that smashes gallstones

27

cholecystectomy

removal of the gallbladder and its contents

28

lactose intolerance

undigested lactose in chime retains fluid in feces and produces gas

29

polyps in the colon

slow-developing benign growths that arise from the mucosa of the large intestine

30

diarrhea

increase in the frequency, volume, and fluid content of the feces

31

contispation

infrequent of difficult defecation

32

dietary fiber

indigestible plant substances

33

insoluble fiber

does not dissolve in water; includes the structural parts of fruits and vegetables

34

soluble fiber

dissolves in water; forms a gel that slows through the tract

35

dental caries

tooth decay

36

periodontal disease

inflammation and degeneration of gums, bone, periodontal ligament, and cementum

37

PUD

5-10% of US population develops it; caused by bacteria, NSAIDs, and hypersecretion of HCl

38

ulcer

craterlike lesion in a membrane

39

peptic ulcers

ulcers that develop in areas in the GI tract exposed to acidic gastric juice

40

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

41

colorectal cancer

deadliest of malignancies (cancer of the colon)

42

diverticulosis

development of diverticula, saclike outpouchings of the wall of the colon in places where the muscularis has become weak

43

diverticulitis

inflammation caused by diverticulosis, characterized by pain, constipation, increased defecation, nausea, vomiting, and fever

44

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

45

Hepatitis A

spread by fecal contamination

46

Hepatitis B

spread primarily by sexual contact, contaminated syringes and transfusion equipment

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Hepatitis C

spread by blood transfusions

48

Hepatitis C

spread by blood transfusions

49

Hepatitis D

spread by sexual contact; person must have hepatitis B to contract hepatitis D

50

Hepatitis E

spread through fecal contamination; does not cause chronic liver disease, but responsible for high death rate in pregnant women

51

anorexia nervosa

characterized by self-induced weight loss, negative perception of body image, and physiological changes that result from nutritional depletion

52

bulimia

characterized by overeating at least twice a week followed by purging by self-induced vomiting, strict dieting, or fasting, vigorous exercise, or use of laxatives or diurectics

53

canker sore

painful ulcer on the mucous membrane of the mouth

54

cholecystitis

either autoimmune inflammation of the gallbladder of obstruction of the cystic duct by bile stones

55

cirrhosis

distorted or scarred liver as a result of chronic inflammation due to hepatitis, chemicals, parasites, or alcoholism

56

colostomy

the diversion of the fecal stream through an opening in the colon that serves as a substitute anus

57

inflammatory bowel disease

Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis

58

IBS

disease of the entire GI tract in which a person reacts to stress by developing symptoms associated with alternating patterns of diarrhea and constipation

59

malocclusion

condition in which the surfaces of the maxillary and mandibular teeth fit together poorly

60

nausea

discomfort characterized by a loss of appetite and the sensation of impending vomiting

61

Traveler's diarrhea

infectious disease of the GI tract that results in loose, urgent bowel movements; cramping; abdominal pain; malaise; nausea; and occasionally fever and dehydration.

62

Crohn's disease

inflammation of the GI tract that may extend from the mucosa through the serosa

63

ulcerative colitis

inflammation of the mucosa of the GI tract, usually limited to the large intestine and accompanies by rectal bleeding