Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

8th History > Chapter 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
1

What are subsidies?

Financial aid and land grants

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

The Central Pacific company

3

What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?

The Union Pacific Company

4

The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

China

5

The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Ireland

6

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

Workers completed construction of the Transcontinental Railroad at Promontory Point

7

What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?

A final golden spike joined the tracks

8

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

Divided the country into 4 time zones

9

What were open ranges?

Land not fenced in or divided into lots

10

What were long drives?

Ranchers had to drive their cattle hundreds of miles on journeys

11

What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?

Tough weather conditions, rustlers, and fighting off stampedes

12

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great
Plains?

Offering up 160 acres for a $10 filing fee and a promise to live there for at least 5 years

13

How much land is an acre?

Roughly the size of a football field

14

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough
Midwestern sod?

The steel plow

15

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Barbed wire

16

What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US
Gov’t?

Chief Sitting Bull

17

Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?

Idk

18

What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this
time?

“From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”

19

Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?

Geronimo

20

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

Broke up reservation land individually and removed tribal affiliations.

21

What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding
schools?

To dress and act like European Americans, they were taught English and couldn’t use their native languages

22

What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?

Mourning Sitting Bull’s death

23

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?

Wounded Knee

24

What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?

Would connect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts