Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (24):
What are subsidies?
Financial aid and land grants
What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?
The Central Pacific company
What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?
The Union Pacific Company
The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
What occurred on May 10, 1869?
Workers completed construction of the Transcontinental Railroad at Promontory Point
What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?
A final golden spike joined the tracks
What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?
Divided the country into 4 time zones
What were open ranges?
Land not fenced in or divided into lots
What were long drives?
Ranchers had to drive their cattle hundreds of miles on journeys
What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?
Tough weather conditions, rustlers, and fighting off stampedes
What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great
Offering up 160 acres for a $10 filing fee and a promise to live there for at least 5 years
How much land is an acre?
Roughly the size of a football field
What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough
The steel plow
What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?
What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US
Chief Sitting Bull
Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?
What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this
“From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”
Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?
What two things did the Dawes Act do?
Broke up reservation land individually and removed tribal affiliations.
What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding
To dress and act like European Americans, they were taught English and couldn’t use their native languages
What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?
Mourning Sitting Bull’s death
What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?