Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (37):
Sperm cells are stored primarily in the
Undifferentiated spermatogenic cells are called
The last fluid to be expelled from the urethra during ejaculation comes from the
Male reproductive functions are controlled mainly by hormones from the hypothalamus, and
ANTERIOR pituitary gland and TESTES.
The hormone responsible for the development and maintenance of male secondary sexual characteristics is
The female structure that corresponds to the male penis is the
The hormone mainly responsible for the development and maintenance of female secondary sexual characteristics is
About the time of ovulation, the anterior pituitary gland releases a relatively large quantity of
The tubular portion of the uterus that extends downward into the upper part of the vagina is the
Menopausal females often experience unpleasant symptoms, such as “hot flashes,” as a result of
an 1. INCREASE in gonadotropin concentration and a 2. DECREASE in estrogen concentration.
The most commonly used oral contraceptives contain
synthetic ESTROGEN and PROGESTERONE
Which of the following is (are) the most reliable form of contraception?
Which of the following structures are unpaired?
In females, what structure is located immediately anterior to the vagina?
The interstitial cells of the testes produce
The cell commonly called the egg, or ovum, is more correctly called
a SECONDARY oocyte.
Fertilization normally occurs in the
In a male, an indirect inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop protrudes into the
If the testes fail to descend, a male is infertile because sperm cell formation is prevented by
relatively high internal body temperature.
A Pap smear is used to detect the presence of abnormal cells in the
Compared to males who train for endurance events, females who train for such events typically
maintain a higher percentage of body fat.
Women athletes sometimes experience disturbances in their menstrual cycles because of
DECREASED synthesis of ESTROGENS.
Following ovulation, a human egg cell can survive approximately
One of the more common causes of female infertility is failure of ovulation due to hyposecretion of hormones from the
ANTERIOR pituitary gland.
Which of the following terms is correctly defined?
failure of testes to descend into scrotum
The epididymis is a _____ and it functions to _____ .
tightly coiled tube on the outside of the testis;
store immature sperm as they mature
The amount of testosterone in the blood is increased by
1. LH causing the interstitial cells to release 2. TESTOSTERONE.
In the menstrual cycle, estrogen functions to _____ , whereas progesterone functions to _____ .
stimulate UTERINE WALL DEVELOPMENT; stimulate the uterine lining to become more glandular
The first step in oogenesis is a
PRIMARY oocyte divides to form a secondary oocyte and a first polar body.
Egg cells are transported in the female reproductive tract by the _____ , whereas sperm are transported in the male reproductive tract by the _____ .
action of ciliated epithelium in the UTERINE TUBES;
movements of their tails
Sperm cells are produced by the germinal epithelial cells that line the
The secretions of the prostate gland function to
neutralize acid semen.
In females, egg cell production begins
The movement of an egg down a uterine tube is aided by
A(n) _________ is held in position by the broad ligament, suspensory ligament, and ovarian ligament.
FSH stimulates a __________ to start the maturation process.