Chapter 19: Clients With Nutritional and Metabolic Concerns Flashcards Preview

NSCA CPT Exam Study > Chapter 19: Clients With Nutritional and Metabolic Concerns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19: Clients With Nutritional and Metabolic Concerns Deck (40)
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1

BMI for Underweight Classifications

<18.5. (NSCA CPT, pg. 508)

2

BMI for Normal Weight Classifications

18.5-24.9. (NSCA CPT, pg. 508)

3

BMI for Overweight Classifications

25.0-29.9. (NSCA CPT, pg. 508)

4

BMI for Obesity I Classifications

30.0-34.9. (NSCA CPT, pg. 508)

5

BMI for Extreme Obesity Classifications

≥40.0. (NSCA CPT, pg. 508)

6

BMI for Obesity II Classifications

35.0-39.9. (NSCA CPT, pg. 508)

7

Nonmetric Conversion for BMI

(Weight [pounds] ÷ Height squared [inches2]) X 703.(NSCA CPT, pg. 509)

8

Metric Conversion for BMI

Weight (kilograms) ÷ Height squared (m2). (NSCA CPT, pg. 509)

9

Low-Calorie Diet

A calorie-reduced yet nutrient-dense diet to achieve a caloric deficit. (NSCA CPT, pg. 513)

10

Hyperpnea

Increased respiratory rate. (NSCA CPT, pg. 521)

11

Dyspnea

Labored or difficult breathing. (NSCA CPT, pg. 521)

12

Disordered Eating

Disordered eating can include behaviors that reflect many but not all of the symptoms of feeding and eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder or other specified feeding and eating disorders. (NSCA CPT, pg. 524)

13

Anorexia Nervosa

Lack or loss of appetite for food. (NSCA CPT, pg. 524)

14

Amenorrhea

Loss of menses for at least three consecutive menstrual cycles. (NSCA CPT, pg. 524)

15

Bulimia Nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging. (NSCA CPT, pg. 525)

16

Female Athlete Triad

An interrelationship of menstrual dysfunction, low energy availability (with or without an eating disorder), and decreased bone mineral density; it is relatively common among young women participating in sports. (NSCA CPT, pg. 526)

17

Hyperlipidemia

Elevated concentrations of cholesterol, triglycerides, lipoproteins, or a combination of these. (NSCA CPT, pg. 527)

18

Triglycerides

A group of fatty compounds that circulate in the bloodstream; the predominate storage form of fat. (NSCA CPT, pg. 527)

19

Low-density Lipoproteins (LDLs)

Proteins that transport primarily cholesterol; when elevated, these contribute to an increased incidence of coronary artery disease. (NSCA CPT, pg. 527)

20

Very Low-density Lipoproteins (VLDLs)

Proteins that transport primarily triglycerides; when elevated, these contribute to an increased incidence of coronary artery disease. (NSCA CPT, pg. 527)`

21

Dyslipidemia

Abnormal lipid (fat) levels in the blood, lipoprotein composition, or both. (NSCA CPT, pg. 527)

22

High-density Lipoproteins (HDLs)

Proteins produced in the liver that contain the largest amount of protein and the smallest amount of cholesterol; when elevated, these contribute to a decreased incidence of coronary artery disease.(NSCA CPT, pg. 527)

23

Therapeutic Lifestyle Change

A lifestyle modification that includes diet, physical activity, and weight loss. (NSCA CPT, pg. 527)

24

Metabolic Syndrome

Any combination of three or more of the following unhealthy conditions: abdominal obesity, high triglycerides, low HDLs, hypertension, and high fasting glucose. (NSCA CPT, pg. 530)

25

Hyperinsulinemia

High levels of insulin in the blood. (NSCA CPT, pg. 531)

26

Diabetes Mellitus

A group of metabolic diseases characterized by an excessively high (or uncontrolled) blood glucose level. (NSCA CPT, pg. 531)

27

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

A disease in which the pancreatic beta cells are destroyed by an autoimmune process leading to absolute insulin deficiency; formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). (NSCA CPT, pg. 532)

28

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

A disease resulting in insulin resistance in peripheral tissues and an insulin production deficit of the pancreatic beta cells; formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). (NSCA CPT, pg. 532)

29

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

The onset of a diabetic condition that occurs only during pregnancy. (NSCA CPT, pg. 532

30

Hypoglycemia

Blood glucose level of ≤65 mg/dl. (NSCA CPT, pg. 532)