Chapter 19: Health and Medicine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19: Health and Medicine Deck (23):
1

anxiety disorders

feelings of worry and fearfulness that last for months at a time

2

commodification

the changing of something not generally thought of as a commodity into something that can be bought and sold in a marketplace

3

contested illnesses

illnesses that are questioned or considered questionable by some medical professionals

4

demedicalization

the social process that normalizes “sick” behavior

5

disability

a reduction in one’s ability to perform everyday tasks; the World Health Organization notes that this is a social limitation

6

impairment

the physical limitations a less-able person faces

7

individual mandate

a government rule that requires everyone to have insurance coverage or pay a penalty

8

legitimation

when a physician certifies that an illness is genuine

9

medical sociology

the systematic study of how humans manage issues of health and illness, disease and disorders, and health care for both the sick and the healthy

10

medicalization of deviance

the process that changes “bad” behavior into “sick” behavior

11

medicalization

the process by which aspects of life that were considered bad or deviant are redefined as sickness and needing medical attention to remedy

12

mood disorders

long-term, debilitating illnesses like depression and bipolar disorder

13

personality disorders

disorders that cause people to behave in ways that are seen as abnormal to society but seem normal to them

14

private health care

health insurance that a person buys from a private company; private health care can either be employer-sponsored or direct-purchase

15

public health care

health insurance that is funded or provided by the government

16

sick role

the pattern of expectations that define appropriate behavior for the sick and for those who take care of them

17

social epidemiology

the study of the causes and distribution of diseases

18

socialized medicine

when the government owns and runs the entire health care system

19

stereotype interchangeability

when stereotypes don’t change, they get recycled for application to a new subordinate group

20

stigmatization of illness

are those that are discriminated against and whose sufferers are looked down upon or even shunned by society

21

stigmatization

when someone’s identity is spoiled; they are labeled as different, discriminated against, and sometimes even shunned due to an illness or disability

22

underinsured

those who spend at least 10 percent of their income on health care costs that are not covered by insurance

23

universal health care

a system that guarantees health care coverage for everyone