Chapter 19 - Imperialism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 - Imperialism Deck (29):
1

Menelik II

baptized as Sahle Maryam, was Negus of Shewa, then Emperor of Ethiopia from 1889 to his death.

2

Sphere of Influence

a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.

3

Settlement Colonies

a form of colonial formation whereby foreign people move into a region. An imperial power oversees the immigration of these settlers who consent, often only temporarily, to government by that authority.

4

Dependent Colonies

colony in which a majority native population is ruled by a small number of representatives from the controlling nation.

5

King Chulalonglorn

Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poraminthra Maha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua, or Rama V, was the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri. He was known to the Siamese of his time as Phra Phuttha Chao Luang.

6

Assimlation

the process of taking in and fully understanding information or ideas.

7

Panama Canal

an artificial 48-mile waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.

8

White Man's Burden

a poem about the Philippine–American War, which invites the U.S. to assume colonial control of that country

9

Missionary

a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country.

10

Meiji Restoration

also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event of change that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

11

Samoa

an country comprising the westernmost group of the Samoan Islands, in Polynesia. Many of its islands have reef-bordered beaches and rugged, rainforested interiors with gorges and waterfalls.

12

Guam

a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific.

13

Spanish-American War

a conflict fought between Spain and the United States in 1898.

14

Sino-Japanese War

fought between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, primarily over influence of Korea.

15

Treaty of Shinonoseki

a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hall, Shimonoseki, Japan on April 17, 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.

16

Mumbai

(formerly called Bombay) is a densely populated city on India’s west coast.

17

Bombay

a densely populated city on India’s west coast. A financial center, it's India's largest city.

18

Russo-Japanese War

fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.

19

Dutch East Indies

a Dutch colony. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.

20

Treaty of Nanjing

a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.

21

Opium War

were two wars in the mid-19th century involving Anglo-Chinese disputes over British trade in China and China's sovereignty. The disputes included the First Opium War and the Second Opium War.

22

The Taiping Rebellion

a massive rebellion or civil war in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864 fought between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the millenarian movement of the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace.

23

Open Door Policy

a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, as enunciated in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Note, dated September 6, 1899 and dispatched to the major European powers.

24

Self-strengthening Movement

a period of institutional reforms initiated in China during the late Qing dynasty following a series of military defeats and concessions to foreign powers.

25

Empress Cixi

a Chinese empress dowager and regent who effectively controlled the Chinese government in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years from 1861 until her death in 1908.

26

Boxer Rebellion

an anti-imperialist uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, towards the end of the Qing dynasty.

27

Rammohun Roy

the founder of the Brahmo Sabha movement in 1828, which engendered the Brahmo Samaj, an influential socio-religious reform movement.

28

Protectorate

a state that is controlled and protected by another.

29

Indirect Rule

a system of government of one nation by another in which the governed people retain certain administrative, legal, and other powers.