Chapter 19 Science and Industry in the Modern Age Flashcards Preview

7th World History A Beka > Chapter 19 Science and Industry in the Modern Age > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19 Science and Industry in the Modern Age Deck (28):
1

What term is defined as "the confused idea that the stars, rather than God, rule the destinies of men"?

astrology

2

Which Greek philosopher was highly admired during the Middle Ages?

Aristotle

3

Who discovered the three laws of planetary motion?

Johannes Kepler

4

What is the language of science?

mathematics

5

What English philosopher played an important role in developing the scientific method?

Francis Bacon

6

Physics is the basic science of matter and

energy

7

Who proposed the sun-centered, or heliocentric, view of the universe?

Nicolaus Copernicus

8

Who discovered the universal law of gravitation?

Issac Newton

9

invented the reaper

Cyrus McCormick

10

18th century Scottish economist

Adam Smith

11

wrote Descent of Man

Charles Darwin

12

invented the seed drill

Jethro Tull

13

invented the steel plow

John Deere

14

The principle of uniformity states that the _____ is the key to the past.

present

15

Charles Darwin published ___________ in 1859.

The Origin of Species

16

The Industrial Revolution helped ______ take the lead in industrialization.

England

17

The __________ produced goods in small private shops.

domestic system

18

Real wages ________ in England during the Age of Industry.

increased

19

England's Industrial Revolution began in the _____ factories.

textile

20

_________, giant of the steel industry, wrote a book on philanthropy called The Gospel of Wealth.

Andrew Carnegie

21

_________ praised a free market system in his book, Wealth of Nations.

Adam Smith

22

perfected the electric telegraph

Samuel Morse

23

developed a steel-making process

Henry Bessemer

24

invented the incandescent electric light bulb

Thomas Edison

25

invented the cotton gin

Eli Whitney

26

produced the Model T

Henry Ford

27

developed the steam engine

James Watt

28

built the steamship Clermont

Robert Fulton