Chapter 19: Urinary/Kidney System Overview Flashcards Preview

Human Disease: Exam 3 > Chapter 19: Urinary/Kidney System Overview > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19: Urinary/Kidney System Overview Deck (13):
1

What are the functions of the kidneys?

1) Extract wastes from blood
2) Balance body fluids
3) Produce urine

2

Which excretory system in the body excretes water, nitrogen-containing waste products, and salts?

Urinary system

3

Which organ eliminates destroyed RBCs and breaks down certain drugs and toxins?

Liver

4

Which system transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder?

Excretory duct system

5

Structures that convey urine into the bladder by peristalsis.

Ureters

6

Expanded upper portion of the ureters

Renal pelvis

7

Subdivisions of the renal pelvis

Major calyces

8

Subdivisions of the major calyces into which renal papillae discharge urine

Minor calyces

9

Apex of renal pyramids

renal papillae

10

Reservoir that stores urine and discharges urine into the the urethra during voiding.

Bladder

11

conveys urine from the bladder (by peristalsis)
to outside the body for final excretion

Urethra

12

the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.

Peristalsis

13

Which organs filter and excrete the waste products of food metabolism?

Kidneys and lungs

Decks in Human Disease: Exam 3 Class (48):