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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (21):
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straight



A narrow passage that connects two larger bodies of water

1



Christopher Columbus



An explorer who discovered the Americas while looking for India

2



Vasco Nunez De Balboa



A Spanish colonist who explored the Caribbean coast

3



Ferdinand Magellan


A Portuguese explorer who set out to find an Atlantic - Pacific passage

4



Circumnavigate



To travel around the whole world

5



Conquistador



Solider adventurers

6



Hernando Cortez


Conquistador who conquered the Aztecs, and sailed from Cuba to Mexico

7



Moctezuma



Aztec leader when Cortez came to conquer the Aztec

8



Plantation



Large farms worked by laborers who lived on the property

9



Encomiendas


Land grants that include the right to demand labor or taxes from the native Americans

10



Bartolommeo de las Casas



A priest who wanted a reform of the encomienda system

11



Mission



Religious settlements

12




Peninsular




Spanish colonist who had been born in Spain

13




Mercantilism



Colonies existed to make the home country wealthy and powerful

14




John Cabot


Italian explorer, financed by England, who's disappeared without a trace

15




Northwest passage



A sea route from the Atlantic to the Pacific that passed through or around North America

16




Henry Hudson

English explorer, who made 4 voyages in search of the northwest passage.his crew mutinied , then set him, his teenaged son, and 7 loyal crew members adrift in the icy cold weather

17




Samuel de Champlain


French explorer who mapped st. Lawrence river, founded Quebec ,and explored present day Vermont and New York

18




Courier de bois



French for the runners of the woods. They were independent traders who lived among the Indians

19




Jacques Marquette



French missionary who founded 2 missions along the Great Lakes

20




Alliance



An agreement between parties that benefits them both