Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?
He was an author and explorer
What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?
The moveable type printing press
What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?
Gold and slaves
The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?
Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?
They were looking for new trade routes to west African gold along the Gold Coast
Where was the Gold Coast?
In West Africa
What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?
Vasco da Gama
What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?
The Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria
What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?
What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?
The Viking ships
What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?
Treaty of Tordesillas
Where does the term "America" comes from?
The explorer Amerigo Vespicci
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?
Juan Ponce de Leon
Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?
The Foutain of Youth
What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?
The Aztec empire
Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?
How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?
As far as Oklahoma
What was the encomienda?
The right to demand taxes or labor from native Americans.
Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?
Bartolome de Las Casas
What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?
What was the Columbian Exchange?
An exchange of plants, animals, and diseases that changes lives forever.
What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?
England, France, and the Netherlands
Quebec was established by which nation?