Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?
He was famous for being an author and explorer
What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?
The movable type printing press
What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?
Gold and slaves
The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?
Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?
So they could get to the spices without going through the Middle East
Where was the Gold Coast?
In west Africa
What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?
Vasco de Gama
What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?
Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria
What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?
What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?
The Vikings ship
What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?
Where does the term "America" comes from?
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?
Juan ponce de Leon
Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?
The fountain of life
What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?
Aztec civilization and empire
Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?
How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?
What was the encomienda?
The right to demand taxes and labor from the Native Americans
Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?
What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into Catholic and Protestant groups?
What was the Columbian Exchange?
Exchange of plants, animals, diseases that changed lives forever
What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?
England, France, Netherlands
Quebec was established by which nation?