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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (26):
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Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?

The fountain of youth.

1

What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?

Explorer and author

2

What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?

Movable typing printing press

3

What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?

Gold and slaves

4

The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the…?

Renaissance

5

Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?

To find new trade routes to Asia.

6

Where was the Gold Coast?

West Africa

7

What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?

Vasco de Gama

8

What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?

Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria

9

What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?

Spain's

10

What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?

Vikings

11

What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?

Treaty of Tordesillas

12

Where does the term "America" comes from?

Amerigo Vespucci

13

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

Ferdinand Magellan

14

Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?

Juan ponce de Leon

15

Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what…?

The Fountain of Youth

16

What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?

Aztec empire

17

Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?

Disease

18

How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?

Oklahoma

19

What was the encomienda?

The right to demand taxes or labor from from native Americans.

20

Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?

Bartolome de Las Casa

21

What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into Catholic and Protestant groups?

Protestant reformation

22

What was the Columbian Exchange?

An exchange go plants, animals, and diseases that changed lives forever.

23

What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?

The Netherlands, France, and England

24

Quebec was established by which nation?

France

25

Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?

France