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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
0

What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?

Explorer and author

1

What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?

Movable type printing press

2

What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?

Gold and slaves

3

The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?

Renaissance

4

Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?

They wanted new trade routes to Asia

5

Where was the Gold Coast?

West Africa

6

What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?

Vasco de Gama

7

What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?

Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria

8

What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?

Spain

9

What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?

The Vikings

10

What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?

Treaty of Tordesillas

11

Where does the term "America" comes from?

Explorer Amerigo Vespucci

12

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

Magellan's crew

13

Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?

Juan Ponce de Leon

14

Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?

The fountain of youth

15

What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?

Aztec

16

Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?

They were not immune to the Europeans' diseases

17

How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?

Oklahoma

18

What was the encomienda?

The right to demand taxes or labor from the Native Americans

19

Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?

Bartolome de Las Casas

20

What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?

Protestant Reformation

21

What was the Columbian Exchange?

An exchange of plants, animals, and diseases

22

What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?

England, France, and the Netherlands

23

Quebec was established by which nation?

France

24

Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?

France