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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
0

What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?

Explorer and Author

1

What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?

The moveable type printing press

2

What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?

Gold and slaves

3

The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?

Renaissance

4

Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?

To find gold

5

Where was the Gold Coast?

West Africa

6

What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?

Vascodo Gama

7

What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?

Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria

8

What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?

Spain's flag

9

What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?

Vikings

10

What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?

Treaty of Tordesillas

11

Where does the term "America" comes from?

The explorer Amerigo Vespucci

12

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

Magellan's crew

13

Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?

Juan Ponce de Leon

14

Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?

The Fountain of Youth

15

What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?

Aztec

16

Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?

Diseases

17

How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?

As far west as Oklahoma

18

What was the encomienda?

The right to demand taxes or labor from the Native Americans

19

Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?

Bartolomeo de Lad Casas

20

What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?

The Protestant Reformation

21

What was the Columbian Exchange?

An exchange of plants, animals, and diseases.

22

What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?

England, France, and the Netherlands

23

Quebec was established by which nation?

France

24

Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?

France