Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?
Explorer and Author
What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?
The moveable type printing press
What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?
Gold and slaves
The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?
Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?
To find gold
Where was the Gold Coast?
What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?
What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?
Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria
What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?
What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?
What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?
Treaty of Tordesillas
Where does the term "America" comes from?
The explorer Amerigo Vespucci
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?
Juan Ponce de Leon
Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?
The Fountain of Youth
What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?
Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?
How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?
As far west as Oklahoma
What was the encomienda?
The right to demand taxes or labor from the Native Americans
Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?
Bartolomeo de Lad Casas
What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?
The Protestant Reformation
What was the Columbian Exchange?
An exchange of plants, animals, and diseases.
What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?
England, France, and the Netherlands
Quebec was established by which nation?