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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (141):
0

Adhesion

Abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated

1

Edema

Abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces. (Swelling)

2

Febrile

Pertaining to a fever

3

Inflammation

Body defense against an injury,infection or allergy

4

Sepsis

Pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the blood stream.

5

Incision and drainage (I&D)

Incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or a cavity.

6

Endoscopy

Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope.

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Biopsy

Removal of a representative tissue sample from a body site for mic

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Excisional biopsy

Biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed.

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Incisional biopsy

Biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed

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BX,bx

Biopsy

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CBC

Complete blood count

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CT

Computed tomography

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Dx

Diagnosis

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I&D

Incision and drainage

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LLQ

Left lower quadrant

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LUQ

Left upper quadrant

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MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

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PET

Positron emission tomography

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RLQ

Right lower quadrant

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RUQ

Right upper quadrant

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SX

Symptom

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TX

Treatment

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US

Ultrasound, ultrasonography

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UA

Urine analysis

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Dehiscence

Bursting open of a wound, especially abdominal wounds

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Urinalysis

Common urine screening test that evaluates the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine.

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Etiology

Study of all factors involved in the development if diseases, putting puzzle pieces together.

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Idiopathic

Disease in which the cause is unknown.

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Prognosis

Prediction of the course of the disease and probable outcome.

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Midsagittal

Equal right and left halves down the center.

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Coronal

Anterior and posterior halves

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Transverse

Superior and inferior halves

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What are the five spinal regions?

Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx

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Cyto

Cell

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Hist/o

Tissue

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Kary/o

Nucleus

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Nucle/o

Nucleus

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Anter/o

Anterior, front

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Caud/o

Tail

40

Cephal/o

Head

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Dist/o

Far, farthest

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Dors/o

Back (of body)

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Infer/o

Lower, below

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Later/o

Side, to one side

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Medi/o

Middle

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Poster/o

Back, behind, posterior

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Proxim/o

Near, nearest

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Ventr/o

Belly, belly side

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Abdomin/o

Abdomen

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Cervic/o

Neck, cervix uteri ( neck of uterus)

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Crani/o

Cranium ( skull)

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Gastr/o

Stomach

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Ili/o

Ilium

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Inguin/o

Groin

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Lumb/o

Loins( lower back)

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Pelv/i

Pelvis

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Pelv/o

Pelvis

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Spin/o

Spine

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Thorac/o

Chest

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Umbilic/o

Navel, umbilicus, (belly button)

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Albin/o

White

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Leuk/o

White

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Chlor/o

Green

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Chrom/o

Color

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Cirrh/o

Yellow

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Jaund/o

Yellow

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Xanth/o

Yellow

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Cyan/o

Blue

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Erythr/o

Red

70

Melan/o

Black

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Poli/o

Gray; gray matter

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Acr/o

Extremity

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Eti/o

Cause

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Idi/o

Unknown, peculiar

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Morph/o

Form, shape, structure

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Path/o

Disease

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Radi/o

Radiation, x-Ray, radius,

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Somat/o

Body

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Son/o

Sound

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Tom/o

To cut

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Viscer/o

Internal organs

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Xer/o

Dry

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Ab-

From, away from

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Ad-

Toward

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Hetero-

Different

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Homeo-

Same, alike

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Infra

Below, under

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Peri

Around

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Super-

Upper, above

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Trans-

Across, through

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Ultra-

Excess, beyond

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Epi

Above, upon

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Hypo-

Under, below, deficient

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Infra

Under, below

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Sub

Under, below

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Inter

Between

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Post

After, behind

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Pre

Before, in front of

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Pro

Before, in front of

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Retro

Backward, behind

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Bi

Two

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Dipl

Double

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Diplo

Double

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Hemi

One half

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Hyper

Excessive, above normal

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Macro

Large

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Micro

Small

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Mono

One

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Uni

One

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Multi

Many, much

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Poly

Many, much

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Nulli

None

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Primi

First

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Quadri

Four

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Tri

Three

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Circum

Around

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Peri

Around

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Dia

Through, across

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Trans

Through, across

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Ecto

Outside, outward

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Exo

Outside, outward

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Extra

Outside, outward

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Endo

In, within

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Intra

In, within

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Para

Near, beside, beyond

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Supra

Above, excessive, superior

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Ultra

Excess, beyond

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A-

Without, not

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An-

Without, not

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Anti

Against

131

Contra

Against

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Brady-

Slow

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Dys

Bad, painful, difficult

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Eu

Good, normal

135

Homo

Same

136

Mal

Bad

137

Pan

All

138

Pseudo

False

139

Syn

Union, together, joined

140

Tachy

Rapid