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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (14):
1

element

any subject that can't be broken down to a simpler substance

2

atom

the smallest unit of an element

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compound

when two or more elements are chemically mixed.

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molecule

the smallest unit of compounds

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organic compound

compounds that contain the element carbon

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inorganic compound

compounds that do not have the element carbon

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protein

a large organic molecule made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur

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amino acid

smaller molecules that make up protein molecules

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enzyme

a type of protein that speeds up a chemical cell reaction in a living thing

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carbohydrate

an energy rich organic compound made of the element carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

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lipid

fats, oils, and waxes

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nucleic acid

a very large organic molecule made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus

13

DNA

(deoxyribonucleic acid) genetic matter carrying information about an organism that is passed from parent to offspring

14

RNA

(ribonucleic acid) plays a role in protein production.