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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (22):
1

Refers to the type of species both flora and fauna found in the ecosystem

Biodiversity

2

Average weather conditions over a long period of time. Long term

Climate

3

A concept of global warming

Climate change

4

This refers to the inland climate removed from the ocean

Continentality

5

A process in which fertile land turns into a dessert

Desertification

6

When two tech tonic plates move away from each other. Volcanoes

Divergent plate boundary

7

The increase in global temperatures due to human produced pollutants

Global warming

8

Atmospheric heating that is caused when incoming solar radiation is trapped

Greenhouse effect

9

Fracking. Process of extracting oil from shell rock

Hydraulic fracturing

10

Incoming solar energy that enters the atmosphere

Insolation

11

Those energy sources such as coal and oil with no reserves

Non-renewable energy

12

The influence of mountains on weather and climate. Referring mainly to precipitation that is either windward or leeward

Orographic effect

13

The theory that explains the gradual movement of plates along earth's surface

Plate tectonics

14

Energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydro that are replenished by nature

Renewable energy

15

Areas where the tectonic plates are converging or colliding and synching beneath each other

Subduction zone

16

Refers to the coniferous of Russia. Area of fies spires larch tree.

Taiga

17

Earthquake fault where the ground on each side moves in opposite directions because of the force

Transform fault

18

A grass land with few trees found in tropical climates with a distinct dry season. Found in Africa

Tropical savanna

19

In the arctic region. With a short growing season. Has low shrubs and grasses.

Tundra

20

A prediction that will have serious water problems are based on usage and per capita demand

Water stress

21

Short term. Day to day phenomenon of the atmosphere.

Weather

22

Human caused pollution. Caused by human activity

Anthropogenic