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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (38):
1

Name the two rivers that flow through Mesopotamia

Tigris and Euphrates rivers

2

Why were priests the original leaders of the city states?

People believed the success of their crops depended on their gods, and people back then believed they could not directly talk to the gods so priests acted as go-betweenness.

3

How can someone become a slave in Mesopotamia society?

If you were a prisoner of war or if you were sold into slavery as a child

4

Once someone is a slave are they one for their entire life? Explain

Don't know

5

Why did the Samarian's develop a central government?

Had environmental problems

6

Explain the Samarian's relationship with their gods.

They believed the gods were all powerful and immortal

7

Explain how Samarian culture spread throughout Mesopotamia?

Long-distance trade, exchanging extra food, and other goods.

8

Why did Hammurabi develop his code of laws?

To help unify his empire

9

What areas of life did Hammurabi's codes cover?

Uniform code of law that would help unify the diverse groups of empire. It also conducted 282 laws.

10

Name something we get from the Samarian culture

The art of writing or textiles

11

What were the three environmental problems the Samarian people had to overcome and what were their solutions?

Unpredictable flooding, no natural barriers, and natural resources were limited.

12

What is the gift of the Nile?

When the river floods and waters the crops and brings a surplus of food

13

What were the three environmental problems the Samarian people had to overcome and what were their solutions?

Unpredictable flooding, no natural barriers, and natural resources were limited.

14

Name the 3 environmental challenges the Egyptians had to overcome.

?

15

Who united Lower and Upper Egypt?

Namer

16

Explain the difference between the Egyptian and Mesopotamian rulers.

Egyptian pharaohs were looked at and treated as God, and Mesopotamian kings were looked at as representatives of gods.

17

Explain what Ka is and how it plays a role in the Egyptian government.

Ka - The eternal afterlife in Egyptian culture

18

How does Egyptian afterlife compare to Mesopotamian afterlife?

Egyptian -the afterlife was called "the other word" happy place
Mesopotamia - afterlife was called the "land of no return" not a happy place

19

Why did Egyptians mummy the dead?

They mummified them so the souls could return to the bodies in the other world

20

Why were spells placed on the coffins?

To help guide and protect their souls in the afterlife.

21

What are Canopic jars used for?

.

22

What do the pyramids prove about Egyptian society?

.

23

List the Egyptian class structure?

King
Priests, nobles, government officials
Merchants, scribes, craftsmen
Farmers, unskilled workers
Slaves

24

What did the Egyptians use the calendar for?

They used it for telling which days it would flood

25

What did the calendar system revolve around?

The star Sirius

26

What did King Tut do to bring order back to his empire?

He changed his empire back to the original gods and moved the capital city back to Memphis

27

Who was the first Chinese Dynasty?

Xia dynasty

28

Shang Dynasty was the first to keep what?

Written records

29

Who is the name and Species of the body found near Beijing?

Peking man, homo erects body

30

What do the Chinese and Sumerian cultures have in common?

Built walls around the city

31

Explain how Chinese people looked at their families?

K

32

Explain why people would pay respect to their father's ancestors.

They believed that ancestors could bring good or bad fortune to their family.

33

How did people communicate with their gods?

They used in Oracle phone (animal bones or tortoise shell) in which the Chinese priest would scratch questions for the gods and then place something hot on the bone. the bone would break and the priests could examine the crack.

34

How did written language unify China?

Even if people spoke a different language in china they all wrote the same language

35

How are the mandate of heaven and diagnostic code connected?

K

36

Explain feudalism

F

37

List the three improvements the Zhou dynasty made.

F

38

How were all of the major early civilizations similar? Describe three ways in which all of the major civilizations discussed in this chapter were similar.

K