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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (34):
1

Complex sister of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a given group or society
Involves believes, values, knowledge, art, morals, customs, habitats, language and dress

Culture

2

Consists of objects created when I given society it's buildings are tools toys print and broadcast media

Material culture

3

Includes norms was customs ideas and beliefs of a group of people

Nonmaterial culture

4

What are the 5 characteristics of culture?

Culture is:
-shared
-learned
-taken for granted
-symbolic
-varies across time and place

5

A set of symbols and rolls that together in a meeting for wagon ride to communication system

Language

6

Asserts that language determines other aspects of culture because language provides the categories to which social reality is defined

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

7

Specific cultural expectations of how to behave in a given situation

Norms

8

This man identified two types of norms: folkways and mores

William Graham Sumner

9

General standards of behavior adhered to by a group

Folkways

10

Strict norms that control moral and ethical behavior
-injunctions, legal, religious
(Small social upset)

Mores

11

Written set of guidelines that define right and wrong and society

Laws

12

Mechanisms of social control them for folkways, norms and mores
-consequences

Social sanctions

13

Behaviors that bring the most serious sanctions
- can be positive or negative
(Something that REALLY shouldn't be done)

Taboos

14

See radical approach in society based on the idea that you can discover the normal social through disrupting it

Ethnomethodology

15

Shared ideas how to collectively by people within a given culture about what is true

Beliefs

16

Abstract standards in a society or group that define ideal principles

Values

17

The culture of the most powerful group in a society

Dominant culture

18

Cultures of groups whose values and norms of the behavior differ to some degree from those of the dominant culture

Subcultures

19

Subcultures created as a reaction against the values of dominant culture

Countercultures

20

Habit of seeing things only from the point of view of one's own group

Ethnocentrism

21

The idea that something to be understood and judged only in relation to the cultural context in which it appears

Cultural relativism

22

Diffusion of a single culture throughout the world

Global culture

23

Reverse the channels of communication that are available to wide segments of the population
-print, film and electronic media

Mass media

24

Fast networks of social interaction that media have inspired

Social media

25

Pervasive and excessive influence of one culture throughout society

Cultural hegemony

26

The police practices and objects that are part of every day traditions

Popular culture

27

Contends that the mass media reflects the values of the general population

Reflection hypothesis

28

Cultural resources that are deemed worthy and that give advantages to groups, possessing such capital

Cultural capital

29

Perspective that analyzes behavior in terms of the meaning people give it
-emphasizes the interpretive bases of social behavior and culture provides the interpretive framework through which the behavior is understood

Symbolic interaction theory

30

Builds on the insides of the symbolic interaction perspective in sociology

Cultural studies

31

One some elements of the culture do not keep pace with technological innovation

Culture lag

32

When you go to changes rapidly or someone is suddenly thrust into a new cultural situation

Culture shock

33

What are sources of cultural change?

Cultures change in: response to changed conditions in society
-cultural diffusion
-of innovation including inventions and technological developments
-Can be imposed

34

Transmission of cultural elements from one society or cultural group to another

Cultural diffusion