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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (12):
1

Photosynthesis

The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and uses it to make food

2

Autotroph

An organism that makes its own food

3

Heterotroph

An organism that cannot make its own food

4

Chlorophyll

The main pigment for photosynthesis in chloroplasts

5

Cellular respiration

The process in which cells obtain energy from glucose

6

Fermentation

An energy releasing process that does not require oxygen

7

Cell cycle

The regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo

8

Interphase

The first stage of the cell cycle

9

Replication

The cell makes an exact copy of the DNA in its nucleus

10

Chromosomes

DNA and proteins from threadlike structures

11

Mitosis

The cells nucleus divides into two new nuclei and one set of DNA

12

Cytokinesis

Completes the process of cell division