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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (34):
1

Self-Awareness

The capacity to observe and reflect on one's own mental states

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Symbolic self-awareness

A unique ability to develop and communicate a representation of oneself to others through language.

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Self

The sum of who you are as a person; your central inner force

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Self-concept

Your interior identity or subjective description of who you think you are.

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Self-image

your view of yourself in a particular situation or circumstance

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Attitudes

Learned predisposition to respond to a person, object, or idea in a favorable or unfavorable way.

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Beliefs

Ways in which you structure your understanding of reality- what is true and what is false.

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Values

Enduring concepts of good and bad or right and wrong

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Material Self

The element of the self reflected in all the tangible things you own

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Social Self

Your concept of self as developed through your personal, social interactions with others

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Spiritual Self

Your concept of self based on your beliefs and your sense of who you are in relationship to other forces in the universe; also includes your thoughts and introspections about your values and moral standards.

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Avowed identity

An identity you assign to yourself and portray

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ascribed identity

And identity assigned to you by others.

14

Self reflixiveness

The human ability to think about what you are doing while you are doing it.

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Self-esteem

Your assessment of your worth or value as reflected in your perception of such things as your skills, abilities, talents, and appearance

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Self-concept clarity

The extent to which beliefs about oneself are clearly and confidently identified and stable over time

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gender

A cultural construction that includes one's biological sex (male or female), psychological characteristics(femininity , masculinity, androgyny) attitudes about the sexes, and sexual orientation.

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Social Comparison

Process of comparing oneself to others to measure one's worth .

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Self-expectations

Goals you set for yourself: how you believe you ought to behave and what you ought to accomplish.

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self-fulfilling prophecy

The notion that predictions about one's future are likely to come true because one believes that they will come true.

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Narcissism

An inflated view of self especially about one's own power and importance

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Intrapersonal communication

How you take in stimuli in the environment or information and make sense of it; also, thoughts and ideas that you say to yourself.

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Self-talk

Inner speech; communication with the self.

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Visualization

The technique of imagining that you are performing a particular task in a certain way; a method of enhancing self-esteem

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reframing

The process of redefining events and experiences from a different point of view

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Perception

The arousal of any of your senses.

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Attention

the act of perceiving stimuli in your environment

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Selection

The act of choosing specific stimuli in your environment to focus on.

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Organization

Converting information into convenient, understandable, and efficient patterns that allows us to make sense of what we have observed.

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Closure

The perceptual process of filling in missing information

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Interpretation

Attaching meaning to what is attended to selected and organized

32

Stereotype

a generalized applied to persons perceived to have attributes common to a particular group.

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Indirect perception checking

Using your own perceptual abilities to seek additional information to confirm or refute your interpretations of someone's behavior

34

Direct perception checking

Asking someone else whether your interpretations of what you perceive are correct.