Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (55):
1

abdomin/o

abdomen

2

caud/o

tail

3

cephal/o

head

4

cervic/o

neck; cervix uteri

5

crani/o

cranium

6

gastr/o

stomach

7

illi/o

ilium

8

inguin/o

groin

9

lumb/o

loins/lower back

10

pelv/i

pelvis

11

spin/o

spine

12

thorac/o

chest

13

umbilic/o

umbilicus, navel

14

anter/o

chest

15

dist/o

farthest, far

16

dors/o

back of the body

17

infer/o

lower, below

18

later/o:

side, to one side

19

medi/o

middle

20

poster/o

back of the body

21

proxim/o

near, nearest

22

super/o

upper, above

23

ventr/o

belly, belly side

24

cyt/o

cell

25

hist/o

tissue

26

nucle/o

nucleus

27

radi/o

radiation(x-ray), radius

28

-ad

toward

29

-al

pertaining to

30

-algia/dynia

pain

31

chondr/o

cartilage

32

-gen/genesis

forming, producing origin

33

-logist

specialist in the study of

34

-logy

study of

35

-lysis

separation; destruction; loosening

36

-meter

instrument used to measure

37

-plasia

formation, growth

38

-toxic

poison

39

bi-

two

40

epi-

above, on

41

infra-

below, under

42

trans-

across, through

43

endoscopy

Visual examination of the interior of organs and cavities with a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope

44

fluoroscopy

Radiographic procedure that uses a fluorescent screen instead of photographic plate to produce a visual image from x-rays that pass through the patient, resulting in continuous imaging of the motion of internal structures and immediate serial images.

45

MRI

Radiographic technique that sues electromagnetic energy to produce multi-planar cross-sectional images of the body

46

Nuclear scan

Diagnostic technique that produces an image of an organ or area by recording the concentration of a radiopharmaceutical substance called a tracer, usually introduced into the body by ingestion, inhalation, or injection.

47

radiography

production of captured shadow images on photographic film through the action of ionizing radiation passing through the body from an external source

48

tomography

radiographic technique that produces a film representing a detailed cross-section of tissue structure at a predetermined depth

49

CT

Narrow beam of x-rays with a contrast medium or without a contrast medium that targets a specific organ or body area to produce multiple cross-sectional images for detecting pathological conditions such a s tumors or metastases.

50

PET

Nuclear imaging study that combines CT with radoopharmaceuticals to produce a cross-sectional image of radioactive disbursements in a section of the body to reveal the areas where the radiopharmaceutical is being metabolized and where there is a deficiency in metabolism; useful in evaluating Alzheimer disease and epilepsy

51

SPECT

Nuclear imaging study that scans organs after injection of a radioactive tracer and employs a specialized gamma camera that detects emitted radiates to produce a three-dimensional image from a composite of numerous views; used to show how blood flows to an organ and helps determine how well the organ is functioning

52

Ultrasonography

Imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves that bounce off body tissues and are recorded to produce an image of an internal organ or tissue.

53

Anastomosis

Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow the flow form on to the other

54

Cauterize

Process of burning abnormal tissue with electricity, freezing, heat, or chemicals; usually performed to destroy damaged or diseased tissues or coagulate blood vessels

55

radiopharmaceutical

drug that contains a radioactive substance, which travels to an area or a specific organ that will be scanned