Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (46):
SA To V Ratio
The surface area to volume ratio is the amount of surface area per until volume of an object or collection of object.
The resting phase between successful divisions of the cells, or between the first and second divisions of meiosis.
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus.
The cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis, bring about the separation into two daughter cells.
A portion of a DNA Molecule.
A structure of nucleic acids and proteins found in the nucleus of most living cells.
The process by which a less specialised cell becomes a more specialised cell type.
Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialised cells.
Embryonic Stem Cells
Embryonic stem cells are derived from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst.
Adult stem cell
Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells, found throughout the body after development.
A diploid cell resulting from the fusion of two haploid gametes.
An organism or cell.
The production of embryonic stem cells for use in replacing or repairing damaged tissues or organs.
Tissue is a cellular organisational level between cells and a complete organ.
A part of an organism which is typically self-contained.
A group of organs working together.
Runs between the stomach and the large intestine.
An organ similar to the liver in other animals.
A small pouch organ in the upper right part of your tummy.
Dark green to yellowish brown fluid, produced by liver.
A dietary component.
A food substance to keep the body functioning.
A class of organised compounds.
A substance produced by living organisms.
An enzyme that binds to a protein
Which an enzyme acts.
An enzyme which breaks down proteins.
A pancreatic enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of fats to fatty acids.
An enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of carbohydrates.
The change of pH and the enzyme stops working.
A yellowish coloured liquid component of blood.
Red blood cells
Haemoglobin is the protein inside red blood cells that carries Oxygen.
White blood cells
Cells of the immune system.
A small colourless disc-shaped cell fragment without a nucleus.
A compound that supports the transport of blood.
Same role as arteries.
A tube which has an internal diameter of a hair-like thinness.
Double circulatory system
Two loops in our body in which blood circulates,
A red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood or vertebrates.
Movement of Blood.
A substance used in dentistry.
A device for simulating the heart muscle and regulating its contractions.
A group of medicines that can help lower level cholesterol.
Adaptations of the Alveoli
Only one cell thick. Exchange surface very thin.
The inhaling of medicines.